All you need to know about alopecia in men
Alopecia (baldness) is a fairly common phenomenon in men, as a result of which pathological hair loss occurs on the head. Every third representative of the stronger sex is more or less susceptible to hair loss.
According to statistics, loss after 40 years is considered the norm and does not require treatment, the reason for this is hormonal changes in the body or heredity. However, early baldness in men is increasingly observed. At least 16% of cases occur at the age of less than 30 years. What is the cause of early hair loss, and how to treat it - our article will tell.
1 Types of baldness in men
Not every man can boast of luxurious hair, and any hair loss causes panic and horror. Depending on the causes and degree of baldness, alopecia is classified by type:
- Androgenetic hair loss. The most common type of alopecia. Androgenic alopecia is observed in 90% of cases. During hair growth, they become very thin, weaken and fall out. Most often, bald patches appear in the frontal lobe and on the crown of the ear. If this type of baldness appears in 20 years in men, then after 2-3 years, complete hair loss may occur.
- Diffuse baldness. With this form, the hair falls out intensively and evenly throughout the head. This is due to a violation in the development of hair.
- Focal alopecia. Hair loss occurs in small areas, small bald spots form on the head, which over time can combine with each other.
- Cicatricial type of baldness. Alopecia occurs due to the death of hair follicles. The cause may be skin injuries or infectious diseases.
- Hair loss at an early age is not an easy aesthetic problem, a much more serious pathology can be hidden behind this phenomenon. Various dysfunctions and malfunctioning of organs can cause male pattern baldness. That is why at the first signs of loss it is necessary to consult a trichologist.
2 Causes of Early Baldness
The main cause of hair loss is dihydrosterone, a side hormone of testosterone. The increased production of DHT in the body leads to the fact that, being deposited on the hair follicles, it begins to interfere with their nutrition and development. A constant lack of vitamins and minerals leads to the depletion of follicles and their gradual death. In addition, there are a number of reasons why hair loss can occur at an early age.
Factors affecting male pattern baldness fall into two categories:
Pathological baldness can be:
Hormonal. Malfunctions of the thyroid gland and pituitary gland.
Oncological. During the fight against malignant neoplasms, all the forces of the body are aimed at restoring and supporting vital functions. Such processes as the growth of hair or the nail plate are suspended, and as a result, complete baldness is often observed.
Dermatological. Deep damage to the skin entails baldness, since the quantity and quality of hair follicles is significantly reduced.
Fungal. The activity of the fungus reduces hair nutrition, and as a result leads to their loss.
Also, there are cases when previously baldness was observed in guys suffering from excess weight or diabetes.
A non-pathological category of causes of alopecia is associated with an abnormal lifestyle or genetics:
Excessive consumption of fatty, salty and spicy foods provokes additional production of fat on the surface of the skin. This forms a layer that interferes with the growth of new hair.
Uncontrolled medication. Many drugs negatively affect the nutrition of the follicles and, as a result, when they are not taken correctly, there is an abundant loss of hair.
Genetic predisposition. Baldness is often transmitted in men from generation to generation.
Lack of sleep and constant nervous strain can also cause alopecia.
Improper care. Tight hairstyles and the use of cheap shampoos lead to hair depletion and hair loss.
According to statistics, men who abuse alcohol or smoke are more likely to suffer from early baldness. Much less often, loss occurs in representatives of the stronger sex, leading a healthy lifestyle, and engaged in physical activity.
3 Treatment of early alopecia
The treatment of baldness is a long and difficult process. It is much easier to help patients who have just begun hair loss. If you do not attach importance to the first signs of alopecia, then stopping the loss will be very difficult. Only a trichologist can help solve this problem.
Therapy of alopecia should begin with determining the cause of its development. To do this, you need to take general blood tests, undergo hormone examinations, do a CT scan of the hairline and consult with narrower specialists. Only then can you make a diagnosis and start treatment.
Drug therapy for male pattern baldness involves taking drugs. Only a specialist can advise which one to choose and according to which scheme to take, based on the results of the examination.
The most popular are:
- Minoxidil - comes in the form of a lotion or foam, which must be rubbed into the skin.
- Finasteride - tablets for oral administration.
The most effective non-medicinal methods of treatment are recognized:
- Mesotherapy - the introduction of nutrients under the scalp.
- Laser therapy - enhances blood circulation due to the rays used.
- Ozone therapy - enriches the scalp and hair follicles with ozone.
However, not every type of alopecia is treatable. Androgenetic alopecia cannot be prevented or stopped, so hair transplantation will be the most suitable solution to this problem.
In no case should you self-medicate and at the first sign it is worth contacting a specialist for help.
Only in this case, you can prevent complete baldness and restore your hair a healthy look.
Several causes of alopecia in men
Doctors identified about 600 causes of baldness. Often, alopecia in men occurs as a result of the combination of several factors at once.
Mostly bald patches on the temples or on the sides of the forehead in representatives of the stronger sex arise due to genetic factors. Moreover, in 75% of cases, alopecia in men is transmitted through the mother and only in 20% - through the father. A person inherits from relatives an androgen-dependent type of follicle, which is especially sensitive to testosterone.
In men, both early and late baldness can occur. Only one process is responsible for the age at which hair starts to fall out - the transformation of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone, which worsens protein production and causes bulb dystrophy.
With a genetic predisposition, bald patches appear on the forehead and crown in men. The rate of loss depends on individual factors. If the bulbs are slightly sensitive to the hormone, then the patient can gradually lose hair throughout life. With the rapid progression of the disease, complete baldness in men occurs in 5 years.
The second leading factor in alopecia is all kinds of diseases. These include diabetes, anemia, thyroid dysfunction, syphilis, psoriasis, and more. This is a symptomatic type of baldness. Its features are easy diagnosis and effective treatment.
Other toxic factors provoking male pattern baldness:
- unbalanced nutrition
- head injuries
- hazardous work
- taking certain medications
- the wrong choice of hair care products,
- bad ecology.
Psoriasis is often diagnosed in balding men, which is often confused with ordinary dandruff. With this disease, the work of the follicles is disrupted, which provokes temporary hair loss.
Also, bald patches appear with seborrheic dermatitis, accompanied by inflammation of the skin. The painful process provokes excessive secretion of sebum, which causes temporary alopecia. With seborrhea, the head is very itchy, but it is important not to do anything to eliminate the itching. Otherwise, a secondary infection may join, which will significantly complicate the treatment process.
Separately, it is worth mentioning the connection between smoking and hair loss, as many men suffer from this addiction. Cigarettes cause oxygen deficiency, so the hair loses nutrition and dies. Chemicals are also produced during smoking. Free radicals are absorbed by the hair, disrupting their structure at the cellular level.
This is the most common species found in 90% of people. The disease is caused by steroid hormones that are responsible for secondary sexual characteristics. Androgens affect the receptors of the cells of the hair nipple that feeds the bulbs.
The hormones contain testosterone, which, when it enters the basal region under the influence of an enzyme, is transformed into dihydrotestosterone. This process slows down or stops the production of substances involved in the matrix and division of hair stem cells.
Further, the production of follicles ceases, and the cover ceases to germinate. Due to oxygen starvation and poor blood circulation, the skin dries out greatly, becomes thin. Lack of nutrition makes follicle depth less than 1 mm. And in a healthy person, they are next to the nerves and blood vessels and go down to 4 mm.
Hormonal imbalance leads to thinning, shortening and bleaching of hair, and the area of bald spots is rapidly increasing. Over the course of 10 years, the follicles are gradually closed by connective tissue, due to which the fluff does not even grow.
Androgenic hair loss often occurs at a young age. Alopecia in men begins with the temporal, frontal, parietal region, and after it affects the back of the head.
This type is diagnosed in 20% of men. The causes of diffuse baldness are very diverse.
But more often, total alopecia in men occurs against the background of a disorder in the hair development cycle:
- Anagen phase. It lasts 5 years. It is characterized by the formation of hair, division of bulb cells.
- Catagenic phase. About 14 days, the hair rests, all processes slow down.
- Telogenic phase. The hair falls out, and a fluff appears in its place. The duration of the period is 6 months.
When the cycle is broken, the hairs are at different stages of development. They stop growing symmetrically, bald zones appear on the head. The disease develops slowly, since in a year a man loses up to 5% of the cover.
Focal alopecia is diagnosed in 4% of men. A typical symptom of the disease is that the affected areas are located not only on the head, but throughout the body, which indicates the presence of an autoimmune process.
Upon receipt of genes that are responsible for immunological compatibility, protein substances are produced. They change the work of the body's defense system. The development of the pathological process is facilitated by the intake of certain medications, viruses, stresses or vaccinations.
Over time, the thinned hair resumes, and the disease may not manifest itself for a long time. But sometimes the pathological process "moves" from one place to another. The most severe episodes of the disease are noted if previously bald areas are not covered with hair, and new foci appear on the body.
Why do bald boys
The most common cause of early baldness is heredity. But bad habits can also cause alopecia
Of course, one cannot name the one and only cause of early baldness in men. But in the vast majority of cases it is due to genetics. It is by inheritance that men receive the hormone dihydrotestosterone, which provokes early baldness. Gradually, it accumulates in the hair follicles and prevents nutrients from reaching the dermal papilla, which is responsible for hair growth. In addition, this bad hormone reduces hair follicles, and over time they become “sterile”. Hair at first weakens, becomes thinner, and then completely stop growing. So there is a bald spot.
If by the age of 30 the hair was preserved in perfect order, then, in principle, you can not worry. Hereditary early baldness does not threaten you. But a young man who noticed a hair thinning at 25 years old, most likely very soon will become the owner of a full bald head.
Other factors can provoke “early” alopecia. Such, for example, as protein-poor nutrition, toxins (nicotine and alcohol), environmental pollution, stress, serious illness, etc.
Bald patches can appear on the head in men with skin damage. Injured areas are overgrown with connective tissue, which causes damage to the follicles.
The causes of receding hairline are infections, injuries, burns or injuries. With cicatricial alopecia, hair with a white tip falls out with subsequent death of the follicles. If the form of the disease is severe, then the hairline is not restored.
What stage are you at?
To determine the stage of alopecia, the Hamilton-Norwood scale, created by a Scottish scientist in 1949, is used. This is a phased scheme of the alopecia process, on the basis of which an individual therapy plan is built.
Seven stages of male pattern baldness:
- The appearance of small bald patches along the front hairline in the forehead and temple.
- The formation of a more prominent area of alopecia in the temporal part, but not more than 2 cm from the line that connects the auricles.
Growth and hair loss processes
Baldness of the head is a common phenomenon that develops in men at a certain stage of life. This condition is called androgenic alopecia. Usually this process takes 15-25 years. Nevertheless, some individuals “manage” to grow bald in less than five years.
Some of the victims are not involved in any treatment. In other cases, the guys do not want to put up with this situation. Young people are saddened by baldness, especially if it is excessive or occurs at an early age.
Hair grows from hair follicles. They are small bags right below the surface of the skin. Hair grows from each follicle for about 3 years. Then it falls out, and in its place a new one is formed. The cycle repeats throughout a person’s life.
Most often, baldness in men is a harmless natural process. But it can also be associated with metabolic syndrome. A complex of changes characterized by metabolic disorders combines obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and increased cholesterol.
Scientists attribute baldness to the effect of androgens, male sex hormones, on the body. The main one is testosterone. It forms physiological features inherent in a strong half of humanity, due to this, differences are created between the male and female sexes. We will indicate them:
- accelerated muscle growth,
- bone compaction
- stimulation of hair growth,
- facial hair (mustache, beard).
The main cause of early male pattern baldness is the hormone DHT (dihydrotestosterone). The presence of this compound is important for normal sexual development. However, hair follicles are sensitive to this hormone.DHT adversely affects them. The hormone shortens the life of the bulbs.
Sharp baldness of the head in men at an early age, for example, at the age of 18, more often occurs due to non-compliance with hygiene measures, improper selection of shampoo. Against the background of the development of a young body, increased physical activity, guys have an intense production of subcutaneous fat. If it is not washed off, then the hair follicles become clogged and sibuyan plugs form.
At the age of 15-17, a large amount of testosterone accumulates in the body. With the breakdown of sex hormone, dihydrotestosterone is formed, which negatively affects the work of the follicle. Equally important is stress, which impairs blood circulation in the small vessels of the head.
Young boys are often malnourished and malnourished. The lack of nutrients causes an imbalance in the body. For example, with iron deficiency anemia develops, which upsets the synthesis of hemoglobin, which provokes alopecia in men.
In order to prevent early baldness in men, it is necessary to enrich the diet with food containing many vitamins, minerals, fatty acids. Hair should be washed with a properly selected product, actively massaging the skin during the procedure.
In 20-25 years, a secondary hormonal surge occurs, which is accompanied by hair loss. Moreover, the baldness zone in young men at the age of 20 depends on the location of the bulbs that respond to testosterone. Therefore, bald patches in boys more often appear in the parietal or frontal region.
Thirty years old is also considered an early baldness in men. The provoking factor is most often hormonal disorders associated with impaired activity of the thyroid gland. With dysfunction, the body ceases to produce hormones involved in the formation of tendons, bones, hair.
In this case, the cause of the receding hairline often lies in the hereditary factor. Alopecia also appears against the background of stresses caused by psychological stress. Indeed, at 30, a man has to work hard and take care of his family and children.
By the age of 50, hair thinning for various reasons is observed in every second representative of the stronger sex. At the age of 60, a man loses more than 40% of his hair, and by the age of 70 he becomes 80% bald.
Male early alopecia is a problem for every member of the stronger sex. Baldness causes self-doubt, negatively affects the appearance. Therefore, when the first bald patches appear, it is necessary to contact a trichologist to determine the cause and its elimination. The doctor prescribes a comprehensive treatment, including the use of cosmetic and medical products, physiotherapy or hair transplantation.
If baldness appears in men, the causes can be varied. List the factors that affect hair loss:
- stressful situations
- bad habits,
- lack of sleep
- thyroid disease
- skin, infectious and oncological diseases,
- skull operations
- head injuries.
The inheritance of the continuer is a strong factor in the development of male pattern baldness. The genotype transmitted to the son from the parent is formed over the course of many generations. Balding men in 80% of cases have a father or grandfather suffering from hair loss in the family.
Thermal and chemical burns are potential causes of hair loss. Scars obtained after injuries and operations on the scalp aggravate the situation. Recently, cases of alopecia have become more frequent in connection with the emergence of a fashion for African pigtails.
It has long been noticed that during stressful situations, hair loss intensifies. Strong emotional stress provokes spasms. This negatively affects blood circulation in the small vessels of the head. As a result, the hair does not receive enough nutrients. They stop growing and die off.
Semi-finished foods in the diet lead to a lack of vitamins. There is a general weakening of the body. Deficiency of substances from groups E, C and B is the reason for the thinning of the strands.
If the relatives of a young man have long been bald, then he must mentally prepare for the fact that baldness in 20 years can become a global problem. Knowing about his heredity, a man will not be able to change anything, but still, it’s worth trying to delay the moment of hair loss by consulting a doctor and performing a number of medical procedures. Young men, genetically prone to baldness, face this problem much earlier than they could imagine, which is becoming a serious blow.
If the family father, grandfather, great-grandfather already got a bald head at a young age, then it is highly likely that their heirs will also encounter such a problem early. It is worth noting that the gene responsible for early baldness is inherited not only in the male, but also in the female line. Therefore, the assertion that men go bald early and women do not is wrong. If the girl will be dominated by the baldness gene, then she risks losing her hair in her youth.
Early baldness may begin due to the fact that the representative of the stronger sex has problems at the hormonal level. An hormonal imbalance can begin even at the age of 18, if there is a reason for this. There are many factors that trigger hormone problems. Among which can be noted a way of life, some diseases and other problems. Hormonal sex disorders can affect the hair, and if not everything in the body is good, then they will begin to slowly fall out.
Autoimmune diseases, in general, negatively affect the state of the body of men. They can become the main reason that hair loss in 20 years will become a harsh reality. A man may not even know why hair falls out, having a disease from this category, but if he sees a doctor on time, he will be able to determine the exact cause of the problem and begin to treat it. Autoimmune diseases adversely affect the health of the hair, so they actively begin to fall out.
The body will certainly not feel good if it is regularly in a tense, stressful state. the intense work of the nervous system and mental problems have a very bad effect on human health. Due to stress, male pattern baldness at age 18 can turn into a global problem. It all starts with a mild form, but then goes into a serious problem. If you do nothing with this, you will have to treat the nerves for a long time and transplant the hair, so you should try to be as nervous as possible. If there are too many stresses, you can consult a doctor and take some medications that can improve the condition.
Infections and diseases
If a young man has hair loss, then it is worth considering whether he has encountered any infections or diseases. If such a factor was present in the guy’s life, then it was he who could become the cause of early baldness. If, due to infections or diseases, hair begins to fall out sharply, then a young man must definitely consult a doctor.
A man at 30 years old or even earlier may begin to go bald due to having suffered some kind of injury. If young men had serious physical damage to the head area, then you need to prepare for the fact that the process of baldness can begin at any time. So the body reacts to the strong physical stress that it suffered.
The fact that baldness can begin at 25 can be affected by external factors. If a person eats improperly or irregularly, cares poorly or incorrectly for scalp and hair, uses alcohol or drugs, smokes, works with toxic substances, then his hair may fall out. There are many factors of the outside world that provoke this, so you should try to avoid them as much as possible, especially if the young person has a genetic predisposition to baldness.
With the onset of each new year, it is increasingly possible to observe the fact that early male pattern baldness is clearly progressing. There are quite a few reasons for this, among which the modern rhythm of life plays an important role. But it is impossible to avoid the rules of the outside world and various kinds of problems, so it remains to notice the problem in a timely manner and begin its effective treatment. The sooner drug therapy begins, the more likely it is that it can do without transplantation.
If it has already come to the point that it is necessary to transplant the hair, then it will take a lot of time and patience. But most men are ready to agree to such tests, because you do not want to remain without hair or with bald zones at 30, or even 20 years. In order not to have to deal with early baldness, this process must be prevented in advance. You should not expose your body to excessive stresses, ignore the need to eat foods rich in vitamins and disregard the hereditary factor. If everything is done correctly and carefully monitor the condition of the hair and scalp, then very serious problems can be avoided. Early baldness is not a sentence and it is worth fighting with it.
According to statistics, the first signs of alopecia appear as early as 19-20 years. Thus, male pattern baldness at age 20 is a fairly common occurrence, which may be associated with:
- hormonal imbalance,
- negative environmental impact,
- bad habits (alcohol abuse, nicotine),
- lack of a normal diet, lack of vitamins A, C, E in the body.
Diffuse baldness is distinguished into a separate form, the nature of which has not yet been established. Scientists associate it with a genetic predisposition (androgenetic factor).
It is he who leads to blockage of the epithelial pores, through which the hair is fed. But from what its amount in the blood increases is not reliably known.
In young men diffuse local baldness is more common, better known as focal alopecia. It begins with the crown, but over the years, the boundaries of the affected area of the skin increase.
The marginal form is slightly less common when baldness affects the area behind the ears, on the back of the head, near the temples. Now that you know a little more about early baldness in men, the reasons are the next most important topic that we would like to touch upon.
Causes of baldness in men at an early age
Early baldness in men, causes:
With a low concentration of sex hormones in the blood, the onset of secondary signs of puberty does not occur. Because of this, hair can stop growing on the whole body,
If after this the upper and middle layer of the epithelium is removed or atrophies, there the hair will not grow on its own.
Is it possible to cure earlier baldness in men? The treatment of alopecia is a complex process and The treatment algorithm for each patient is compiled individually.
If the problem is a hormonal type, then a synthetic analogue of sex hormones is prescribed to stabilize the background. If baldness is triggered by an emotional factor, then the best that doctors can offer is a general recovery and visits to specialized sanatoriums with salt caves.
Infectious skin lesions are treated pharmacologically, with the exception of psoriasis. This disease is not treatable, but only translates into a state of remission, that is, a minimal manifestation. But with seborrhea, antifungal shampoos, as well as ordinary tar soap, help perfectly.
In the rest, they prescribe complex treatment, mesotherapy (nutritious microinjections), massage and physical therapy. The probability of a positive effect is approximately 70 percent. Most often, the following procedures for complex recovery are prescribed:
Relapse after treatment
Alopecia is really high risk of relapse (re-manifestation) even after undergoing a course of therapy. The reason for this is the physiological reaction of the body to the stimulus.
After all, not only infection or virus can provoke hair loss, but also psychological stress at work. For some men, this is enough.
If the provoking factor is not removed in the future, baldness will certainly make itself felt. In what form - it is impossible to predict.
The only exception is alopecia, which occurs against the background of other skin diseases that respond to pharmacological treatment. If biostimulants were used to restore vegetation, then a situation may arise in which cessation of the use of the drug will lead to repeated baldness.
For this reason supervision by a trichologist should be carried out constantly. Altogether, baldness occurs even at the age of 20 quite often.
There are several reasons for this. The most common culprit is hormonal imbalance.provoked by a genetic predisposition, as well as the general state of health as unsatisfactory. The best prevention at this age is maintaining a healthy lifestyle, abandoning bad habits and optimizing the vacation schedule.
Alopecia is rapidly becoming younger
One of the trends of our time is the rejuvenation of many diseases. Among them, for example, oncology, cardiovascular diseases, arthritis and rheumatism. If earlier, mainly elderly people faced such ailments, today they are found even in children.
A similar situation is with baldness. Just some 100 years ago, baldness among a young man was considered nonsense. In the modern world this will not surprise anyone.
There are several reasons for the rejuvenation of alopecia:
- Acceleration provoked by urbanization, a change in the nature of nutrition and environmental conditions.
- Early puberty, in turn, provoked by acceleration (our children in this regard are ahead of their grandfathers by about 2-3 years).
- Environmental degradation.
If we are talking about natural baldness, not caused by the influence of radiation or chemotherapy, then this is a gradual process. Nobody had suddenly woken up with a bald head. And at first it’s even hard to understand that you have started alopecia.
Experts distinguish 8 main stages of baldness:
- Stage I and II are thinning, weakening of the hair. Their increased loss is also observed.
- Stage III is characterized by the appearance of light bald patches on the temples.
- Stage IV - hair thinning on the crown of the head.
- V - hair falls out rapidly, but bald patches on the temples and crown are still separated from each other.
- At stage VI, the foci of baldness merge.
- VIIVIII stage provide for the progression of hair loss.
Is it possible to stop hair loss
If the cause of alopecia at an early age is heredity, then stopping the process is extremely difficult. You can only slow it down.
The most effective miracle solution for baldness
Doctors advise paying attention to the drug. Minoxidil, proven to be one of the best remedies against baldness. It happens in the form of solutions, foam or spray and stimulates hair growth, reducing the activity of the hormone dihydrotestosterone. It should be rubbed into the scalp, in no case exceeding the dosage, even if the bald patches are already large.
Effective drug - Finasteride
Well, the most effective is a hair transplant. This, of course, is expensive, but reliable.
In the case of the so-called situational baldness resulting from stress, poor nutrition, etc., you just need to remove the causes. And the hair will gain former volumes.
Folk remedies for strengthening hair can help her in this: masks based on olive oil, mustard, henna, egg yolks, decoctions for rinsing from chamomile, oak bark, burdock, etc.
But before proceeding with any actions, it is necessary to visit a trichologist who will determine the cause of alopecia and prescribe treatment.
To find out why suddenly the hair began to thin, most likely you will have to take tests: blood, urine, conduct studies on the level of sex hormones in the body, thyroid hormones, elemental hair analysis, etc. Sometimes an immunogram may be required.
Remember: baldness (especially early) does not always occur on its own. It happens that it is one of the symptoms of some other disease. Therefore, a doctor’s consultation is essential!
Let your hair always be thick and beautiful! And if she suddenly thinned - it doesn’t matter either. If desired, this can even be done with your personal chip. Nobody will call Bruce Willis or Fyodor Bondarchuk bald losers, right?
There are treatments that can prevent further hair loss. Hair growth methods have also been developed. The sooner you start treatment, the easier it is to achieve a result.
In advanced stages, transplantation becomes a lifeline. The procedure is to replace the tissue flaps. Typically, patient or donor material is taken from the back of the head and implanted in the affected areas.
Pharmacies offer a wide range of baldness remedies.
It should be noted that drugs can only be used with the permission of a doctor.
Consider 2 drugs: Finasteride and Minoxidil.
Finasteride is available in tablet form. The drug blocks the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone. The harmful effects of the hormone are weakened. The hair follicles are gradually returning to their normal state.
At least four months must pass to get the result. Full growth is restored in a couple of years. The medicine should be used regularly.
Features of the use of the drug-blocker:
- hair loss returns when you stop taking it,
- possible side effects (loss of sex drive, breast enlargement),
- the drug acts exclusively on men.
Minoxidil Lotion can be bought at pharmacies without a prescription. It is most effective when used in the early stages. Manufacturers recommend rubbing the skin daily. Side effects are rare, irritation or a rash may occur.
Many prevention methods help to fight for the conservation of hair. We provide some simple tips:
- do not injure your scalp
- massage your scalp
- eat foods containing vitamins (vegetables, fruits, berries),
- wash your hair with cool water (high temperature injures the skin and follicles):
- choose a quality shampoo according to your hair type,
- in winter, do not go outside without a hat.
Reducing the hairline brings certain inconvenience. When the head is not protected by hair, the risk of heat stroke and sunburn increases. Skin damage can be avoided with suntan lotion. In hot weather, you should wear a hat.
You should protect your health and body beauty from a young age. Take care of your hair and scalp. Loss of curls is easier to prevent than to cure.
Causes of Early Baldness in Men
It is worth knowing that early baldness in men can be caused by various external or internal factors. Below we consider a list of the most common reasons why men start to lose hair on their heads quite early.
Here, male pattern baldness at an early age occurs against a background of hormone imbalance. More precisely, dihydrotestosterone, which is an active form of the truly male hormone testosterone, is too active in the body of a man. It is this hormone that acts on the hair follicle, causing a spasm of its vessels. As a result, the nutrition of the hair is disturbed, which leads to their killing and loss.
It is noteworthy that androgenic (hormonal) alopecia is characterized by a certain pattern of hair loss. It looks like this:
- The first and third stages. Hair loss occurs in the forehead and temples.
- Third to sixth stage. Hair falls out in the parietal zone.
- Seventh stage. The baldness zone gradually merges into one focus.
Infections and Diseases
Considering the process of early baldness in men, the reasons should be studied from the side of infectious processes in the patient's body. So, such diseases and infectious processes can provoke hair loss on the head:
- Sugar diabetes
- Fungal lesions of the scalp,
- Parasitic infections
- Exacerbation of chronic processes in the body of a man.
Having understood the question of why men go bald at an early age, we can consider the main tactics of treatment, which helps to partially or completely overcome alopecia. Drugs are prescribed only after a thorough diagnosis. Moreover, if the cause of the loss of hair is a failure of the endocrine system, hormonal system, parasitic or fungal infections, then narrow specialists (an endocrinologist, andrologist, parasitologist) are also involved. They, in combination with basic drugs, prescribe purely accurate therapy, which should eliminate the root cause of hair loss. As for the tablet preparations for hair loss, then they are mainly used:
- Propecia Tablets stimulate the production of testosterone, which leads to the activation of the hair follicle and further hair growth.
- Minoxidil Another drug that is prescribed for androgenic (hormonal) alopecia. Pills stimulate hair growth and significantly nourish the hair follicles.
- Finasteride. Also a hormonal drug that stimulates the growth of hair. The result can already be observed after 6 months. But the peculiarity of such tablets is that when they are canceled, the opposite effect will be.
- Ketalong. The drug, made on the basis of steroids and incorporating a fortified complex for baldness.
The listed medications, shampoos and balms do not give a quick effect. Often before the first results appear, you need to wait from 1-2 months to a year.
In addition to the listed tablet preparations, corticosteroids in the form of subcutaneous injections or ointments can be prescribed to the patient. However, these drugs are strong enough for the human body and are prescribed in the most extreme case.
In addition to drug tablet therapy, patients with alopecia are prescribed external agents in the form of lotions, balms and shampoos. The most effective today, if men under 30 are bald, are:
- Platinus V (regenerating gel),
- Minoxidil (hair growth stimulating lotion),
- Progain and Revivogen (shampoos),
- Provillas (shampoo based on a plant-synthetic formula),
- Nioxin (a complex of drugs for alopecia),
- Nizoral (shampoo, which is used if the cause of hair loss is a fungus of the scalp).
Important: prescribe any of the drugs (even external funds) should only be a specialist after establishing the cause of the loss of hair.
After we figured out why men go bald already at the age of 30 and a little older, we can distinguish some folk methods that are used to stimulate the growth of hair. So, in particular, you need to adhere to such recommendations:
- Constantly massage the head in the morning and evening. This will improve blood flow to the hair follicles and hair growth will resume.
- Review your diet. The menu should include foods rich in zinc and iron. It is best to eat pumpkin seeds, beef liver, apples. You also need to eat foods with gelatin content (meat and skin of poultry, pork, fish). Iodine is also shown (fish, seafood).
From folk remedies, you can use the following:
- Mustard is dry. In this case, mustard powder is diluted with water to the consistency of sour cream and rub the resulting mass into the scalp. They cover their heads with cling film for 30-40 minutes, and then wash them off with warm water and ordinary shampoo.
- Burdock and castor oil. Here you need to mix one tablespoon of oil and rub the mixture into the scalp. Leave for 40-60 minutes, and then rinse. The multiplicity of such masks is 2 times a week.
- Sea buckthorn. From the plant (berries, leaves, branches) prepare a decoction. It can be drunk instead of tea, or rubbed into the scalp up to 3 times a week.
- Red chillies. A few peppers are poured into 500 ml of vodka and insisted for three weeks. The finished product is used to rub 50 ml into the scalp in one session. After an hour, such a tool needs to be washed off.
- Burdock root. Here the plant is poured with boiling water and cooked over a quiet fire for 10-15 minutes. Then the broth is still insisted until warm and shed. Ready means you need to rinse your head after washing your hair 2-3 times a week.
When should I see a doctor?
If the patient is young enough (25-30 years old), and bald patches are already beginning to appear on the head, you should contact a hair specialist - a trichologist. But only on condition that the cause of the loss of hair is not heredity. The doctor will examine the condition of the scalp and hair and tell the patient why men under 30 are balding. The symptoms in a man with alopecia should be caused by the following symptoms:
- Sharp hair loss against the background of a visible normal physical and mental state,
- The loss of hair on the head with foci
- Brittle hair at the root and their growth "hedgehog."
The specialist will identify the type of baldness at the reception and conduct a trichogram (studying the patient's hair under a microscope). In addition, additional analyzes and consultations of other narrow specialists can be assigned to a man. And only against the background of all the results obtained, the trichologist prescribes adequate treatment.