How to determine prostatitis?
# 1 Message imortal »Wed Jun 06, 2018 8:31 am
Prostate or not, how to find out for sure, help to figure it out.
# 2 Post mrKeke »Wed Jun 06, 2018 10:08 am
Did you have unprotected sex?
Perhaps if there was sex without a * condom, you wrapped yourself with some kind of infection that lived for a long time and did not manifest itself. And then hypothermia, the immune system subsided, and so it began.
Checked for sexually transmitted infections?
What is prostatitis?
In order to timely identify the problem, it is important to know the main causes of inflammation of the prostate gland. Prostatitis can be bacterial, non-bacterial, acute, chronic, asymptomatic. A banal decrease in immunity can provoke the development of prostatitis. This factor is considered the main cause of any diseases of the body, and inflammation of the prostate gland is no exception. The immune system does not cope with pathogenic microorganisms, passes them inside the male body. Any infection provokes an inflammatory process.
Stress, overwork, insomnia can lead to a decrease in immunity. Therefore, the risk group includes those men who are daily stressed, experiencing excessive physical and mental stress, and do not follow a proper balanced diet. Often, prostatitis is diagnosed in young people with a sedentary lifestyle. In this case, blood stasis occurs. Due to the lack of mobility, blood does not flow from the pelvic organs. This phenomenon becomes the cause of the development of various pathogenic microorganisms. Further, these microorganisms penetrate the prostate, causing inflammation.
A common cause of prostatitis can be called any sexually transmitted disease:
In some cases, even simple thrush in men leads to prostatitis. This happens in the absence of proper treatment of fungal infection. To avoid the development of prostatitis, men need to have a regular sex life with a regular sexual partner. Stagnation of seminal fluid has an extremely negative effect on the state of the prostate gland. During stagnation, sperm simply die without exit. In the future, chronic prostatitis develops. This form of inflammation is often diagnosed in men in prisons, in the army.
Since the prostate is in close proximity to the rectum, constipation is considered another cause of inflammation. Prolonged constipation disrupts the process of general blood flow, increases vascular permeability. Toxins, decay products of feces begin to penetrate into the general meek, spread throughout the body. This condition will certainly provoke an inflammatory process. At the same time, the prostate can be called the most vulnerable organ, in this case. Many chronic diseases of the male body provoke prostatitis - pyelonephritis, sinusitis, urethritis, cystitis, tonsillitis, caries.
Common signs of prostatitis
How to determine prostatitis? There are some signs that are characteristic of any type and form of prostatitis. It is important to know that the disease can occur both asymptomatically for many years and have vivid symptoms from the very beginning of development. Prostatitis can be determined by certain common signs. Men most often do not pay attention to them. So, first of all, a decrease in the level of libido is determined.
Often this symptom is correlated with fatigue, stress. With a good state of health, not only the prostate, but also the whole body, a man should experience daily morning (night) spontaneous erections. In the case of inflammation, an erection in the morning will be absent, or extremely rare. Also, among the signs of prostatitis, insufficient hardness of the penis can be noted. It is not enough for a full sexual intercourse.
You can also determine inflammation of the prostate by the second main symptom - frequent urination at night. Normally, the urge to the toilet should not be. In healthy men, the genitourinary system does not work at night, does not awaken it. Therefore, this symptom is considered the main one. Of course, this does not apply to those young people who before bedtime drank a large amount of liquid. This factor is explained by the fact that with inflammation the prostate increases in size. Through it passes the urethra, which is compressed.
Based on these main signs, it is worth noting such secondary symptoms:
- Impaired urination. As a result of squeezing the urethra, the urine stream does not have the same pressure. Urine flows out in a weak stream, or even in drops. Often men note a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.
- Pain syndrome. The always active stage of development of prostatitis is accompanied by pain in the perineum, testicles, scrotum, lower back. Often the pain appears during urination, ejaculation. Burning in combination with pain may indicate the presence of urethroprostatitis.
- Change in seminal fluid. With prostatitis, a change in the consistency, quality, sperm color is determined. So, it becomes too liquid and cloudy. And according to the result of the spermogram, a large number of motionless dead sperm are detected.
Manifestations of acute chronic prostatitis
The acute form of inflammation is often chronic. Defining this form is not difficult. Indeed, acute chronic prostatitis is accompanied by vivid symptoms. So, to all the previous signs are added and such:
- Joint pain
- Glitches in appetite and sleep
- Increased sweating,
Body temperature can rise up to 40 degrees Celsius. The rapid development of inflammation is always accompanied by high fever. Chronic prostatitis provokes fungi, infections, viruses, bacteria that have penetrated the genitourinary system. The most common pathogens of this form are chlamydia, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Mycoplasma.
Some men claim that Helicobacter bacteria can lead to chronic prostatitis. It is worth dispelling this myth. Helicobacter is not able to penetrate the urethra or prostate. Each organism has pathogenic microflora. When bacteria enter the body, their action is blocked by protective functions. The poor state of the immune system allows microorganisms to penetrate deep into, actively develop and multiply.
Acute chronic prostatitis is dangerous such complications: male infertility, impotence, inflammation of the testicles, prostate abscess. Any form of prostatitis causes prostate adenoma - a benign neoplasm. If you do not treat inflammation, the adenoma will develop into a carcinoma - a malignant tumor. Therefore, when the first signs of the disease appear, you must immediately consult a doctor urologist.
How to determine bacterial prostatitis?
For bacterial prostatitis, the manifestation of all symptoms is considered characteristic, with periods of decline and exacerbation. Bacterial prostatitis can occur if there is any type of infection in the male body, bacteria. With the active development of infection, pelvic pain syndrome can be noted. Pain in the pelvis increases at the beginning of urination, after ejaculation, the presence of physical exertion.
Pain can be either constant aching or temporary severe. All symptoms significantly worsen a man’s quality of life. Manifestations of any, including bacterial prostatitis, affect the state of the psyche. Along with this, erectile dysfunction appears. Treatment of bacterial prostatitis is carried out only by a full range of drugs. Medicines, physiotherapy, prostate massage, traditional medicine will help to cope with the problem, and prevent the development of chronic prostatitis.
Bacterial prostatitis can provoke such simple diseases:
To exclude the likelihood of infection and the prostate, during the treatment of these diseases, a man should consult a doctor with a urologist. Only powerful antibiotics can quickly suppress the infection. It is important to complete the entire course of therapy to the end. But, unfortunately, many men stop taking drugs as soon as the symptoms disappear. This is a common cause of the gradual onset of a chronic form of inflammation of the prostate.
Determination of non-bacterial prostatitis
This form of prostatitis is almost always accompanied only by pelvic pain syndrome and impaired urination. Non-bacterial prostatitis is provoked exclusively by stagnant processes - sperm and blood stagnation. Bacteria and infections in the male body are not detected. Another cause of non-bacterial prostatitis is zinc deficiency. Zinc is the building material body of a young person. Against the background of this microelement, testosterone synthesis occurs, the quality of the reproductive system, and potency are improved. This form of prostatitis is characterized by constant aching pain in the lower abdomen, perineum. Sometimes the pain gives into the anus during a bowel movement. It is worth noting that the pain persists for a long period of time - 3-4 months or more. To exclude any disturbances in the functioning of the prostate, it is worthwhile to be regularly examined by a specialist. Only in this way can a man be sure of his health and male power.
And why independently determine prostatitis? If the process is left to chance, then the treatment will be prescribed either by a neighbor, Aunt Lyuba, or a plumber, Uncle Vasya. People do not tell! There is a specialist, a urologist, who will diagnose and prescribe treatment. I do not think that in the case of prostatitis, the doctor will have several options for the diagnosis, and you will wonder what kind of disease you have so outlandish. Do not waste either time or money, and most importantly, health!
For myself, I found useful information about bacterial and non-bacterial prostatitis, their general and distinctive features. In principle, it is important to accurately determine the diagnosis, and there it is up to the patient to be treated in a hospital, at home or with folk remedies.
Prognosis for acute prostatitis
Whether prostatitis is treated - it depends, first of all, on the type of disease. By the nature of the course, acute and chronic prostatitis are noted. Due to development, the disease is infectious and non-infectious.
The cause of acute inflammation is infection of the prostate gland. Infection, as a rule, enters the organ from the bladder or with a blood stream. The causative agent of the disease can be both opportunistic microorganisms (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and pathogenic agents transmitted sexually (chlamydia, ureaplasma).
Bacterial prostatitis is treatable if the disease is diagnosed in a timely manner. The treatment is carried out using antibacterial drugs. The drug is selected taking into account the causative agent of inflammation. As a rule, penicillin or tetracycline group preparations, fluoroquinolones are used. Additionally, a number of drugs for symptomatic therapy are prescribed - anti-inflammatory drugs, antispasmodics, alpha-blockers for prostatitis, immunostimulants. It is possible to prescribe a course of physiotherapy after removing acute inflammation.
Acute prostatitis is treated for several weeks, the course of treatment rarely exceeds two months. Then the patient is prescribed drugs with a herbal composition to normalize the function of the prostate gland, which should be used for a long course. As a rule, timely detected acute infectious prostatitis is successfully treated and does not cause complications, such as impotence or infertility.
This form of the disease can be suspected by rapidly increasing symptoms. Typical signs of prostatitis are pain during urination, incomplete emptying of the bladder, cramping in the perineum and lower abdomen.
Acute bacterial prostatitis is best treated
Prognosis for chronic prostatitis
Whether chronic prostatitis is treated should be consulted with a doctor. As a rule, this form of the disease develops as a result of incorrect therapy of acute inflammation of the prostate gland, or against the background of metabolic disorders in the pelvic organs.
Whether this type of disease can be cured depends on the following factors:
- patient age
- stage of the disease
- severity of symptoms.
An increase in the size of the prostate gland occurs with age. This is due to the natural aging process of the body and a change in the hormonal background of the man. The older the patient, the more difficult it is to cure the disease.
The prostate enlarges with age
Chronic prostatitis develops due to circulatory disorders and lymph outflow in the pelvic organs. In most cases, it is diagnosed in obese men who lead a sedentary lifestyle.
Symptoms of prostatitis of this type are manifested by impaired urination, weakened erection, and pain. The prostate gland swells, there is a thickening of the secretion of the organ, which can cause the development of infertility in a man due to changes in the composition of seminal fluid.
Is it possible to completely cure prostatitis - it depends on how soon the disease is diagnosed. The chronic form of inflammation develops slowly, up to 7 years can elapse from the onset of a violation of the blood microcirculation in the organ to the development of inflammation. At the initial stage, prostatitis is successfully treated by normalizing trophic organ. For this, the patient is prescribed a number of drugs and physiotherapeutic methods aimed at normalizing the tone of the vessels and muscles of the pelvic organs.
In the late stages of congestive prostatitis, irreversible changes in the organ occur. Medication with prolonged use becomes ineffective, so the only way to get rid of the disease is surgery. In this case, both partial and complete organ removal (prostatectomy) is practiced.
Treatments for chronic prostatitis
Whether chronic prostatitis is being treated in men depends on when the man went to the doctor. At the initial stage of organ trophic disturbance, drug therapy is used. For treatment, apply:
- drugs to improve blood microcirculation,
- alpha adrenergic blockers,
At the initial stage, a fairly conservative treatment
To relieve inflammation, patients are shown taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The course of treatment rarely exceeds 10 days. Then the therapy is continued with herbal preparations, the action of which is aimed at improving blood microcirculation in the inflamed organ. Since the disease is accompanied by impaired urination, drugs of the alpha adrenoblocker group are used. Their action is aimed at relaxing the muscles of the walls of the bladder and prostate gland. The medicine acts directly on the receptors that regulate muscle tone. This allows you to reduce the pressure of the prostate on the surrounding tissue and normalize the outflow of urine, thanks to the relaxation of the bladder.
Chronic prostatitis is treated with immunostimulants.After removing the inflammation and reducing edema, it is important to prevent the development of an exacerbation of the disease, which is often observed with the slightest hypothermia or a drop in immunity.
To restore blood circulation and metabolic processes in the cells of the body allows physiotherapy - treatment with electric current, magnetic field, ultrasound. As a rule, with the timely detection of congestive prostatitis, a correctly developed scheme of medication and physiotherapeutic treatment minimizes the risk of disease progression in the future.
Having figured out whether prostatitis can be cured or not, it is important to understand that in some cases the drugs will have to be taken for many years. Over time, the effectiveness of drug therapy decreases, so you can get rid of the disease only surgically. Depending on the severity of inflammation and swelling of the organ, either partial organ removal or radical prostatectomy is practiced.
Minimally invasive surgery and laser treatment occupy the first place among the methods of exposure to the prostate. During this procedure, layer-by-layer burning of small areas of the prostate gland, the tissue of which has changed as a result of prolonged edema, is carried out. The operation lasts no more than a few hours, rehabilitation takes several days. It will take no more than one month to fully recover. The advantages of minimally invasive methods are the absence of risks of bleeding and complications. As a rule, such an intervention does not affect reproductive function and erection. Patient reviews suggest that laser action on the prostate gland with prostatitis is the most effective and efficient way to treat chronic prostatitis.
Laser treatment is gaining popularity
Prostatitis imposes a number of restrictions on the patient's life. To accelerate the restoration of the prostate gland will help:
- balanced diet,
- rejection of bad habits,
- regular sex
- moderate physical activity.
To get rid of the disease, an integrated approach is needed. In addition to drug treatment, physiotherapy, massage, a set of exercises to normalize blood circulation in the pelvic organs are practiced. Additionally, patients are shown a diet, products that are beneficial for men's health - citrus fruits, nuts, pumpkin, are introduced into the diet. As additives to the diet, it is recommended to take linseed and pumpkin oil.
Chronic prostatitis requires careful attention to your own health, otherwise any hypothermia or stress can cause an exacerbation. Frequent exacerbations of prostatitis entail the progression of the disease and impaired functionality of the prostate gland. So that nightly urination to remain in the past and no longer return, in addition to taking drugs to relieve inflammation, it is necessary to take immunostimulants. To strengthen the nervous system, the intake of B vitamins, preparations with magnesium, and sedatives is indicated.
It is important to remember: any diseases are successfully treated if diagnosed in a timely manner, and prostatitis is no exception. If the patient does not start the disease, he follows the recommendations of the doctor and does not self-medicate, you can get rid of prostatitis.
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General information about the disease
What are the causes of prostatitis in men? Signs and symptoms, complications and therapy are important information that needs to be studied. But first, general information should be considered.
Prostatitis is a disease that is accompanied by inflammation of the tissues of the prostate gland. As you know, this is an unpaired small organ located under the bladder - it actually covers the urinary canal. The prostate produces a secret that is part of sperm.
According to statistics, most often the disease affects people aged 25-50 years. Approximately 50–85% of patients aged 50 years and older at least once in their life have experienced some form of prostate inflammation.
As you can see, this is a very common ailment. That is why men are looking for additional information. How do you know that you have prostatitis? What symptoms should I look for? Are there effective treatments?
Causes of prostatitis. Predisposing factors
Many men are interested in questions about what are the first signs of prostatitis. Symptoms and treatment, possible complications and diagnostic features - this is very important information. But first, it is worth considering the causes of the development of the inflammatory process.
The cause of the inflammatory process is the activity of pathogenic microorganisms. The infection may be specific. For example, prostatitis is a consequence of a sexually transmitted disease. If we are talking about nonspecific inflammation, then the cause is the activity of staphylococci, streptococci, E. coli. Sometimes prostatitis develops against the background of herpes. Of course, there are risk factors, the impact of which can trigger the launch of the inflammatory process.
- To begin with, it is worth noting that the ailment can develop against the background of other infectious diseases up to the common cold.
- Risk factors include irregular sex life. For example, erratic connections increase the likelihood of infection of the body. Long abstinence is also harmful. Ideally, sexuality should be regular, preferably with the same partner.
- Prostatitis often develops against the background of stagnant processes in the pelvic area. Risk factors include sedentary work, a sedentary lifestyle.
- Subcooling (both general and local) can also trigger the development of the inflammatory process.
- Risk factors include chronic constipation and other disorders of the digestive tract.
- The inflammatory process may be the result of urethral reflux, which is accompanied by a reverse flow of urine and its reflux into the genital ducts. Such a violation is often associated with inflammatory diseases of the urethra or abnormal catheterization of the bladder.
- Changing the hormonal background is also potentially dangerous, especially when it comes to lowering the level of male sex hormones. By the way, that is why mature and older men are more likely to experience prostatitis.
- Risk factors include constant stress and nervous strain, errors in the diet (in particular, excess of spicy food), alcohol abuse. If there are prerequisites, these factors can provoke the development of the inflammatory process or exacerbation of the chronic form of prostatitis.
The doctor should know not only how to determine prostatitis in men. It is very important to find out what exactly provoked the development of the disease.
Prostatitis in men: how to recognize? Description of the main symptoms
We have already familiarized ourselves with the main causes of the development of the inflammatory process. But many men are interested in questions about how to determine prostatitis on their own. In fact, this is impossible, because tests and examinations are required to confirm the diagnosis. But you can suspect an ailment by noticing very characteristic signs.
- How is prostatitis manifested in men? Symptoms of the disease are various disorders of urination. Patients complain of frequent urges. In this case, the daily volume of urine does not increase. Desires appear even before the bladder is full.
- An enlarged prostate gland compresses the urinary canal, as a result of which the stream of urine becomes weak, often interrupted. Sometimes, in order to empty, a man has to exert effort, strain the abdominal muscles.
- The urge to urinate becomes more frequent at night - a man sometimes wakes up several times (or even dozens of times) per night, which affects the quality of rest.
- Often, the process of urination is accompanied by unpleasant sensations, and sometimes severe, cutting pains.
- If we are talking about acute inflammation (especially if it is accompanied by an accumulation of purulent masses), then it is possible to increase body temperature to 37–39 degrees.
- Patients complain of pain in the perineum, which intensifies during physical activity, sexual intercourse, defecation. Sometimes the pain is very sharp, almost unbearable.
- Sometimes blood contains impurities of blood. This is a dangerous symptom that cannot be ignored. Hematuria may indicate a rupture of the abscess, the development of urolithiasis, a malignant form of hyperplasia.
- There are problems with an erection, although this does not occur in all cases (especially when it comes to the acute form of the inflammatory process).
These are the main signs of prostatitis in men. In no case can they be ignored - be sure to go to the doctor when the first violations appear.
Features of chronic inflammation
You have already familiarized yourself with the main signs of prostatitis in men (how to find out if a person has an ailment will be discussed below). According to statistics, the acute form of the disease in the absence of timely therapy sometimes becomes chronic prostatitis. Sometimes the chronic form of inflammation is primary - its first stages proceed with hidden symptoms. In most cases, this kind of ailment is the result of stagnant processes in the pelvic area.
Symptoms of the disease remain the same. Patients complain of pain in the perineum, problems with urination. Sometimes there are discharge from the urethra during bowel movements. Men often encounter problems in sexual life - it is possible to develop erectile dysfunction, the appearance of unpleasant sensations during sex and in the process of ejaculation. Occasionally, chronic prostatitis leads to complete impotence. This form of the disease is much more difficult to diagnose and treat.
What complications can a disease cause?
You already know what symptoms you need to pay attention to and how to determine the disease. Prostatitis is a dangerous disease, which should not be ignored in any case. There is a possibility of very dangerous complications.
The acute inflammatory process is often accompanied by suppuration of the gland and the formation of an abscess. The enlarged prostate compresses the urinary tract, which can lead to acute urinary retention. In addition, an abscess can open independently, as a result of which purulent masses enter the organs of the urinary system or intestines.
Chronic prostatitis is no less dangerous, because it leads to the gradual replacement of glandular tissues with connective tissue, the formation of scars and calculi. Chronic inflammation affects potency, causing erection problems. In addition, the affected gland cannot produce a high-quality secret to support the life of sperm, which leads to problems with conception, and sometimes infertility.
How to identify prostatitis in men? The list of diagnostic measures
When observing the symptoms described above, you need to contact a specialist. How to diagnose prostatitis? In this case, a wide variety of procedures are widely used.
- To begin with, the doctor collects information about symptoms that bother patients, the presence of certain diseases, and lifestyle.
- It is necessary to investigate the gland itself. How is prostate testing in men? Palpation is carried out rectally. During the procedure, the doctor may notice an enlargement of the prostate gland, a change in its structure. If we are talking about the inflammatory process, then palpation is often accompanied by very unpleasant, painful sensations.
- During rectal examination, samples of prostate secretion are often taken for analysis. If it contains bacterial microorganisms, and the acidity of the medium is increased, then this indicates the presence of an inflammatory process and the activation of a particular infection.
- Mandatory is a swab from the urethra. This procedure is unpleasant, but very informative. Samples are sent for PCR diagnostics and bacterial culture. The study helps to detect and identify infectious diseases, including sexually transmitted diseases.
- A general analysis of urine and blood is performed - this allows you to confirm the presence of an inflammatory process in the body.
- Cystoscopy is also included in the diagnostic scheme. Using special equipment, the doctor examines the urethral canal and the bladder from the inside. This makes it possible to detect certain diseases of the urinary system.
- Uroflowmetry is also mandatory. The procedure allows you to determine the flow rate of urine. This is important in the diagnosis of prostatitis and hyperplasia.
- How to determine prostatitis in men? Ultrasound of the prostate is mandatory. This is a simple, affordable and painless procedure that makes it possible to examine the gland, determine its size and shape, detect existing calculi, etc.
- Sometimes (if the exact diagnosis has not been established), the patient is sent for magnetic resonance imaging.
You already know how to determine prostatitis in men. After a thorough diagnosis, the doctor will necessarily draw up a treatment regimen - it is individual in each case, as it depends on the cause of the development of the disease, the course, etc.
Hospitalization is indicated only in case of severe intoxication and suspected formation of an abscess. In all other cases, treatment is carried out on an outpatient basis.
Since the inflammatory process is associated with the activity of bacterial microorganisms, antibiotics are necessarily included in the treatment regimen. Symptomatic treatment is also carried out - patients are prescribed anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic drugs. If an abscess occurs, then a procedure is performed to open it.
You already know what the main symptoms of prostatitis in men are. And the first signs are a good reason to immediately consult a doctor. The fact is that the acute form of inflammation very quickly becomes chronic. Symptoms become less pronounced, but irreversible changes occur in the tissues of the gland, which can no longer be corrected.
Physiotherapy is necessary for a chronic form of the disease - this is the only way to stop the disease. Naturally, patients take antibacterial drugs, and the treatment courses are quite long (sometimes 2-3 months).
Mandatory is prostate massage (it is contraindicated in the period of acute inflammation). During the procedure, it is possible to normalize the outflow of prostate secretion, as well as improve blood microcirculation (respectively, and tissue nutrition).
Patients are sent to sessions of laser and ultrasound therapy. Sometimes warm microclysters are carried out with special medicinal solutions. Immunomodulating drugs are also included in the treatment regimen.
Diet for prostatitis
You already know about the symptoms and treatment of prostatitis. Symptoms in men can be different, as well as compiled therapy regimens. But in any case, treatment should be supplemented by an appropriate diet.
- The basis of the diet should be vegetables and fruits, salads seasoned with olive oil, nuts, dried fruits.
- It is allowed to use soups, broths, low-fat varieties of meat and fish, but only in boiled or baked form. Various cereals will be helpful.
- But fatty meat, eggs, flour products, butter will have to be abandoned for a while. The fact is that the regular use of such products increases the level of cholesterol, which is deposited on the walls of blood vessels, impairing the circulation of blood in the prostate gland.
- Spicy dishes and spices, pickles, canned foods, convenience foods, too salty foods, smoked foods are contraindicated. Such food irritates the intestinal wall and retains water in the body.
- It is necessary to refuse alcohol drinks. It is important to drink enough fluids. Fresh juices will be beneficial. But in the evening, the amount of water consumed should be limited - this will reduce the number of night trips to the toilet.
Agree, this diet does not provide for too strict dietary restrictions. But, observing such a diet, you can really speed up the healing process, improve the digestive tract, strengthen the immune system.
Prostatitis and sexual activity
You already know how to find out if a man has prostatitis. But many patients are interested in questions about whether sexual activity can be maintained during treatment.
It is immediately worth noting that regular sex life directly affects the condition and functioning of the prostate gland. Potentially dangerous are both too frequent, erratic communications, and periods of prolonged abstinence.
But if the inflammatory process already takes place, then sexual activity should be abandoned for a while. Of course, prostatitis is a purely male disease and in most cases is associated with the activity of nonspecific microorganisms, therefore, it can not be transmitted during sexual intercourse. Nevertheless, the semen of a man contains various products of the inflammatory process, which negatively affect the functioning of the organs of the female reproductive system. It is better to wait for a full recovery and only then again enter into sexual relations.
Prevention: how to prevent the development of the disease?
We have already figured out information about what functions the prostate performs in men, how to find out if there is an inflammation of the organ? Ailment with untimely diagnosis and treatment started too late can lead to the development of a huge number of unpleasant complications. That is why it is much easier to try to prevent the development of the disease.
There is no medicine that protects the prostate from inflammation. Nevertheless, compliance with some recommendations will significantly reduce the risk of developing an ailment.
- Doctors recommend carefully monitoring personal hygiene, refusing to wear too tight underwear made of synthetics.
- Remember that prostatitis can be triggered by sexually transmitted infections. Therefore, you should abandon promiscuous sexual relations and use condoms.
- An important role is played by nutrition. Together with food, the body must receive a sufficient amount of nutrients, fiber, minerals and vitamins.
- Physical activity (training in the gym, active recreation, daily jogging or walking) prevents blood stasis in the pelvic organs, which also reduces the likelihood of an inflammatory process.
- Doctors recommend giving up alcohol, smoking and other bad habits.
- It is very important to strengthen the immune system. This will help hardening, prophylactic intake of vitamin complexes.
- It is necessary to reduce the overall level of stress and learn how to cope with adverse situations. Remember that nervous tension directly affects the hormonal background and often leads to a decrease in the activity of the immune system and the development of certain diseases.
Men over 40 are required to undergo an annual examination - only this can guarantee timely diagnosis of prostatitis. How to determine the disease, how to draw up a therapy regimen, how to prevent the development of complications - only a doctor knows about this. Do not ignore the problem and even more so try to cope with it yourself.
How to determine prostatitis: basic diagnostic methods and their results
Prostatitis is a common male disease. Representatives of the stronger sex, with the appearance of characteristic signs of inflammation of the prostate gland, postpone the trip to the doctor due to tightness, delicacy of the problem.
Meanwhile, the pathology develops, complications appear.
For a successful cure, early diagnosis of prostatitis is important.
What are the symptoms of prostatitis in men?
It is easy to detect the onset of the inflammatory process in the prostate gland by the following signs:
- decreased libido (an erection appears very rarely or is absent),
- frequent urination at night,
- with ejaculation a man gets hurt,
- pain in the scrotum and perineum,
- violation of urination (change in urine pressure),
- the feeling that the bladder is not completely empty
- burning and pain when urinating,
- seminal fluid becomes more cloudy.
Signs that help identify the acute form
Bacterial acute form of prostatitis is characterized by severe manifestations.
The following symptoms are observed:
Acute inflammation is caused by fungi, viruses, bacteria. Pathogens include Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Mycoplasma, Staphylococcus aureus, Chlamydia. These pathogens are transmitted from carriers of infection through household supplies.
Prostatitis can occur in several stages:
- catarrhal. It is characterized by the appearance of pain, heaviness in the perineum. A man feels pain during urination, body temperature is kept within normal limits, there are no signs of intoxication. Treatment for this stage of the disease lasts from a week to 10 days,
- follicular. The inflammatory process is more pronounced. There are aching dull pains in the perineum, which can give to the sacrum, penis or anus. Urination is painful and difficult. Sometimes anuria develops. The temperature rises to 38 degrees. This form is usually treated with massages and medicines. Recovery comes after a couple of weeks,
- parenchymal. The patient has severe weakness, thirst, poor appetite. The temperature rises to 39-40 degrees, chills occur. A person is tormented by constipation, flatulence, throbbing pain in the rectum. In reactive inflammation, mucus is released from the anus. Blood may be present in the urine. This type of disease is difficult to cure. Therapy often lasts about a month.
Signs that help to recognize the chronic form
In men, prostatitis often takes a chronic appearance. In this case, the symptoms are less pronounced, characterized by periods of subsidence of the infection and recurrence of inflammation.
- pain in the pelvic and genital area, extending to the scrotum, sacrum, lower back, hips,
- painful, difficult urination,
- premature ejaculation,
- change in urine stream,
- constant feeling of fullness of the urea,
- increase in daily urine output,
- discomfort during ejaculation.
Chronic prostatitis occurs in the following forms:
- infectious. It is characterized by a weakening of the urine stream, painful emptying of the urea, pain in the area of the head of the penis, rectum and perineum, which intensifies when walking,
- specific infectious. A distinctive feature is the secretion of mucus from the urethra,
- non-infectious. With this type, a man feels acute pain in the perineum, hips. Soreness becomes more pronounced during sexual intercourse.
An important stage in the diagnosis is the collection of anamnesis. The success of treatment depends on the accuracy and effectiveness of this process.
To identify prostatitis, a urologist asks the patient the following questions:
- When did the first signs of pathology appear?
- After what the symptoms of the disease arose, how did they develop?
- What were the attempts to cure the disease?
- Did the patient have prostatitis before?
- What adverse factors is a man exposed to at work?
- What serious illness did the patient suffer?
- Are there sexually transmitted infections? Have they ever been?
- What is a man’s lifestyle? How does he eat, does he play sports?
- Were there chronic pathologies of the pelvic organs?
- Is there a regular sexual partner?
- How does a person regularly have sex?
Palpation of the prostate by a specialist
After collecting an anamnesis, the doctor proceeds to rectal diagnosis. The organ is palpated through the rectum with a finger.
Diagnostic technique allows you to determine:
Normally, the examination is painless. In acute and chronic prostatitis, the prostate gland is swollen, sensitive to the touch (pain appears with light pressure and gives to the external genitalia, groin).
Smears and other tests to help diagnose the disease.
After detecting abnormalities, the doctor sometimes palpates repeatedly to obtain a secret, which is then given to the laboratory for examination. Material is taken by rectal stimulation.
For patients, this procedure is sometimes painful. When the first portion of the secret is received, the urologist makes a smear with a medical glass slide in the area of her exit.
Next, check the material under a microscope. Laboratory assistant evaluates:
- the number of lecithin grains
- the presence of white blood cells, number,
- the presence of pathogenic microflora.
If more than three white blood cells, bacteria are found, then a preliminary diagnosis is made - infectious prostatitis.
A swab from the urethra for the presence of sexually transmitted diseases is also taken. For this, a narrow disposable swab is used. It is placed in the urethra to a depth of 4 centimeters and cranked. The resulting material is sent for bacteriological culture and PCR.
A urine test also helps diagnose prostatitis. With a general study of urine in a portion of biological fluid, the presence of leukocytes and red blood cells, the protein content are determined. If the indicators are higher than normal, this means that there is an inflammatory process.
Sperm analysis is also prescribed.
The following physicochemical parameters are estimated: sperm count and motility, their viability.
Such a study helps to understand how much prostatitis harmed men's health.
Instrumental diagnostic methods
A patient with a preliminary diagnosis of prostatitis must be prescribed an ultrasound. This method allows you to see the condition of the prostate gland, its size, structure, echogenicity. On such a visual diagnosis, inflammation is clearly visible.
More accurate methods to detect inflammation at an early stage are:
- MRI. It makes it possible to determine prostatitis and differentiate it from cancer, to see changes in the tissues of the prostate gland. The procedure has no contraindications, it is informative, highly accurate,
- TRUS. This is a transurethral version of ultrasound. Seals, organ enlargement, are visible on the monitor,
- CT. It is used in the initial diagnosis of prostatitis. It makes it possible to see the localization of the inflammatory focus, complications of the disease. It is characterized by high speed
- PAT. A new technique that is more informative than MRI in terms of information. Before the study, a contrast that contains radioisotopes is introduced into the human body. Affected cells accumulate this substance and become visible on the monitor during the examination. PET allows you to detect an oncological process.
Interpretation of diagnostic results and criteria for diagnosis
The diagnosis of chronic (acute) inflammation of the prostate gland is based on the results of a general study of urine and smears taken from the urethra, ultrasound, TRUS, and PCR.
Brief interpretation of the diagnostic results for prostatitis:
- general urine analysis. A healthy man should have no more than three white blood cells per serving of urine. If protein is found, white blood cells are elevated, then there is inflammation. The presence of ketone bodies indicates the development of diabetes. Blood in the urine happens with prostate cancer,
- PCR. Normally, red blood cells are not in sight. Even a small number of them indicates trauma and inflammation of the prostate gland. Significant excess of the norm indicates cancer,
- prostate secretion. White blood cells should be no more than 12. Epithelium and red blood cells are normally single. There are no other indicators in a healthy man,
- ejaculate analysisa. If there is mucus, leukocytes are elevated, then there is inflammation. The optimal volume of ejaculate is 2 milliliters, and sperm - 50% of the total sample.
- TRUSSES, ultrasound. Compaction, an increase in the prostate and seminal vesicles in volume indicates the presence of inflammation in the organ.
How to determine if there is prostatitis or not
Over the past few years, prostatitis has become one of the most commonly diagnosed diseases. At the same time, the age of patients in whom this problem was discovered became much younger. Increasingly, young people aged 27-35 years are seeking professional help.
According to the results of recent studies, a man who has sex several times a week has less chance of earning prostatitis than someone who indulges in love pleasures no more than 2 times a month. That is why doctors around the world recommend having a regular sex life with a regular partner, as this will be an excellent prevention of such an unpleasant and common disease. Those men who rarely have sex more often than others suffer from a stagnant form of prostatitis, which is caused by edema of the prostate tissue. This leads to the awakening of harmful microorganisms that may be in the bladder.
How to detect the disease in the early stages
Want to know how to determine prostatitis and is it possible to prevent the development of this disease? You should remember that in most cases, a chronic form of prostatitis does not have pronounced symptoms. For this reason, many patients seek medical help even when the disease has passed to the next, more serious stage. But still there are several signs by which most men will be able to determine the presence of violations in the functioning of the prostate and urinary system.
One of them is a violation of urination and the occurrence of pain during ejaculation. Moreover, the patient often notices that urges are becoming more frequent, but in most cases, urine is almost completely absent.
In addition, in some cases, pain appears in the lower abdomen and in the perineum. Although she is almost always quite weak, so no one is in a hurry to immediately go to the doctor. But such a decision is completely wrong, since early diagnosis and the beginning of effective treatment are a guarantee of a quick recovery!
When this disease becomes acute, most men noticed a fever, severe pain in the groin, pain in the joints and muscles. At this stage, you can easily diagnose prostatitis, because even during a digital examination of the prostate, you can notice its friability and the presence of nodules.
Common Causes of Prostatitis
Unfortunately, according to statistics, more and more young men are already familiar with this problem. Frequent stresses, lack of activity, sedentary work and frequent change of sexual partners - all this negatively affects the work of all organs and systems of the body. As a result, they begin to malfunction and the first signs of serious problems appear.
Remember that every man is susceptible to this disease! But its activation will begin only subject to the presence of certain factors. Against the background of a decrease in immunity, a decrease in activity or an unhealthy diet, the risk of contracting prostatitis increases significantly. In addition, severe hypothermia and genital infections will negatively affect the work of the genitourinary system. Remember that it is important to carefully monitor your health and carefully prepare for skiing or sea vacations, because it is there that significant physical exertion is combined with severe hypothermia! This can provoke the development of prostatitis.
A sedentary lifestyle and improper diet negatively affect not only your well-being and appearance, but also increase the chances of this problem. Most modern men living in big cities have sedentary work and few of them play sports regularly.
As a result, many of them have to find out what this disease is and how difficult it can be to treat such a seemingly simple problem. To prevent it, it is best to exercise regularly and pay a lot of attention to compiling your diet, since eating too much spicy and fatty foods also negatively affects the work of the prostate.
In order to determine the disease and choose the most effective method of treatment, the specialist prescribes the patient certain tests, ultrasound and tomographic examination of the prostate. After receiving the results, the doctor will be able to draw up a treatment program that can provide visible results.
Effective methods for the prevention and treatment of prostatitis
For most men whose illness has already gone into acute form, doctors prescribe a course of sitz baths and the use of analgesics. Due to this, in the first days, the pain syndrome is noticeably reduced and the man can return to his usual lifestyle. If the patient was diagnosed with bacterial prostatitis, then he will be prescribed treatment with antibacterial drugs, the selection of which will be carried out in accordance with the results of the tests.
Remember that regardless of the form of prostatitis, a urologist consultation is required! Do not start self-medication, since only a qualified specialist with many years of experience will be able to choose the most effective treatment methods for you.
If you don’t ask for help on time and are late with the start of treatment at the initial stages of the disease, then in the near future it can turn into much more serious problems:
- chronic form of prostatitis,
- the need to install a catheter for normal urination,
- cystitis, pyelonephritis.
In addition, untimely initiation of treatment for prostatitis can lead to the development of such a serious and dangerous disease as sepsis. The most susceptible category are people with reduced immunity, as well as those who suffer from diabetes mellitus or kidney failure. That is why, in addition to treating the disease itself, it is very important to use various methods to increase immunity, strengthen it and lead a healthy lifestyle.
The main rules for all men should be: personal hygiene, rejection of bad habits, the use of measures to strengthen immunity and regular preventive examinations, which should be carried out at least 2 times a year. These simple rules will allow you to maintain your male health for many years and enjoy a full life!
How to identify prostatitis disease?
How to determine prostatitis? This question is asked by men who want to prevent the development of the disease, to know the symptoms. Inflammation of the prostate gland in men can occur against a background of infectious and non-infectious etiology. It is important to know not only the first symptoms of the disease in order to see a doctor in time, but also how insidious prostatitis is and what causes the consequences.
This pathology is considered the most common among the male population. Every second representative of the stronger sex complains to doctors. As a result, they are diagnosed with chronic prostatitis.
What triggers the disease
To know how to identify a disease, you need to have a clear idea of what could be causing it. Prostatitis, including chronic, like any pathology, does not occur on its own.
There are factors that become provocateurs of the inflammatory process:
- Decreased immunity in men. This condition is the first and main cause of all diseases, including prostatitis. The protective system cannot suppress the infection entering the body, as a result of which the inflammatory process occurs. Even any stress can cause a decrease in immunity. Therefore, men who eat improperly, experience daily physical and mental stress, are at risk.
- Stagnation of blood. With a sedentary lifestyle, blood in men stagnates in the pelvic organs. This provokes the development of pathogenic microorganisms. They immigrate to the prostate - inflammation develops.
- Stagnant seminal fluid. With irregular sexual contacts (if a man is in the army, places of deprivation of liberty, does not have a permanent partner or does not have sex for religious reasons), blood stasis develops. Over time, sperm die, causing a chronic, inflamed process.
- Regular constipation. The prostate gland is very close to the intestines. With stagnation, the general blood flow is disturbed, the walls of the vessels become permeable. If the stool is in the rectum for a long time, decay products and toxins begin to be absorbed into the bloodstream. As a result, inflammation occurs, and in most cases it is in the prostate. This is due to the proximity of the organ to the intestine.
- Chronic diseases in men. Chronic cystitis, urethritis, pyelonephritis, sinusitis, tonsillitis and even long-untreated caries can cause inflammation in the prostate gland.
- Venereal diseases. Chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhea, mycoplasmosis are enemies of the prostate gland.
It should be noted that prostatitis in men can occur with pronounced signs or is almost asymptomatic. Many men make a big mistake: when they notice some discomfort in the pelvic area, they take on their own to treat an undiagnosed disease. It is absolutely impossible to do this, because prostatitis can become chronic with untimely and incorrect treatment.
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Inflammation of the prostate gland has specific symptoms. During the inflammatory process, the iron swells and grows in size, which contributes to increased urination. If a man has such signs, it is worth taking a prostatitis test immediately. Then you can assess the condition of your body and visit specialists in time.
You can take a prostate test at home yourself. With inflammation of the gland, not only problems with the outflow of urine appear, but erectile function also worsens, which leads to infertility. Early diagnosis of prostatitis will avoid the development of serious complications.
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