Semen fluid in the bladder
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What is the problem of retrograde ejaculation?
One of the rare factors of male infertility may be retrograde ejaculation. This pathology does not pose a risk to the health and well-being of a man, but significantly reduces his chances of successful fatherhood. Consider what causes this process, and how to get rid of it.
What is this problem
Retrograde ejaculation is an ejaculation pathology in which seminal fluid is thrown into the bladder. This is a rare form of male infertility that only 1-2% of men experience.
How does the normal process of normal semen release occur? At the peak of ejaculation, the walls and sphincter of the bladder contract, which prevents sperm from entering the bladder. Semen is thrown into the urethra, and from there it is released through the urinary opening.
With pathological ejaculation, the sphincter of the bladder does not contract, and the male seed is thrown into the bladder. There, sperm mixes with urine and leaves the body during urination.
Such improper ejaculation can be full or partial. With a partial # 8212, only part of the sperm is thrown in the wrong direction, and part is secreted normally. This condition is easily confused with oligospermia (reduction in sperm volume below 2 ml).
Retrograde Ejaculation Scheme
What can cause the disease?
Retrograde ejaculation can be a consequence of the following pathological processes:
- Congenital malformations of the urethra and bladder. The presence of valves, eversion of the bladder - these and other defects can cause a problem.
- Chronic inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system, which lead to the appearance of strictures and stenosis of the urethra and disorders of the sphincter of the bladder.
- Postoperative complications. Pelvic surgery in men can be the cause of the problem.
- Side effect of a number of medications. Taking a whole list of drugs can give a bladder sphincter paresis as a side effect.It stops contracting and seminal fluid, without encountering obstacles in its path, is thrown into the bladder. Some psychotropic drugs, antidepressants, alpha-blockers, etc. can give this effect.
- Some neurological disorders, such as multiple sclerosis, neuropathies, disorders of the innervation of the genitourinary organs.
Important!Often the cause of retrograde ejaculation is diabetes. The disease itself has nothing to do with it, just diabetes can cause the development of diabetic polyneuropathy, in which the innervation of the pelvic organs is disturbed.
Clinical signs of pathology
A key symptom of this disease is the lack of seminal fluid after a male orgasm. With partial retrograde ejaculation, a small amount of sperm can be released, which also indicates the presence of pathology.
The first portion of urine that is released after intercourse will be cloudy. In addition, such men have problems with conception.
This triad of symptoms (infertility, decreased sperm count and opaque urine after orgasm) should alert the patient to improper sperm excretion.
This disease does not cause a man any other problems, since sperm that enter the bladder are not dangerous. They are excreted along with urine and do not cause any discomfort to the patient.
As a rule, men turn to a specialist after long unsuccessful attempts at conception. The doctor clarifies the complaints, anamnesis and appoints additional studies.
To identify the presence of retrograde ejaculation, a urine test helps, which must be done immediately after ejaculation. Sperm and other constituents of sperm are found in the analysis. After identifying this anomaly, a search is carried out for the cause that caused its development. Perform pelvic ultrasound, urethroscopy and other studies.
Differential diagnostics is carried out with anejaculation (lack of sperm excretion) and oligospermia (small amount of sperm). With partial reverse casting of sperm, a spermogram is performed.
The cause-forming factor in the development of spermatorrhea is a malfunction in the functioning of the seminal canals - the ducts along which the erectile fluid moves during ejaculation. It contributes to the relaxation of muscle fibers, which subsequently can not be reduced in a timely manner and thereby retain semen until ejaculation.
Experts subdivide the causes of spermatorrhoea into two groups:
Diagnosis of spermatorrhea
Diagnosis of spermatorrhea is carried out by studying the history and complaints of the patient, as well as a complete laboratory and instrumental study. In other words, at the first stage, the specialist analyzes the causes of uncontrolled sperm excretion, and at the second stage, the patient undergoes a confirmation of the diagnosis using microscopic analysis of excretions from the seminal canals.
The main symptom of the disease is arbitrary sluggish sperm excretion. As a rule, the greatest amount of secretion appears after emptying the bladder, defecation, during physical exertion and during intercourse. Initially, the process is periodic, but without timely treatment, the pathology progresses and comes to the point that erectile fluid flows from the penis without gaps.
Even when diagnosing a disease, they can determine the absence of sperm in the secretions and they can be assigned the status of a “false” pathology (prostatorea). In this case, the release of fluid masses directly from the prostate gland.
To conduct a diagnosis and prescribe the correct treatment for a man with symptoms of spermatorrhea, you should make an appointment with a urologist.Depending on the cause of the development of the disease, it may require related consultations with other narrow specialists: a neurologist, proctologist, venereologist, gastroenterologist and others.
Currently, in the treatment of spermatorrhea, specialists are guided by the following principles:
- Correction of the current lifestyle: rejection of bad habits, proper diet, including the use of vitamins and minerals necessary for the body.
In emergency situations (advanced spermatorrhea or trauma) and in cases where conservative methods of treatment do not bring a positive effect, the doctor decides to resort to surgery. The surgical method consists in plastic correction of the vas deferens.
Preventive measures to reduce the risk of uncontrolled semen secretion are:
Spermatorrhea is not just a male hygienic problem that creates inconvenience and discomfort, but also a dangerous pathology. Therefore, each man should take care of his health by taking all possible measures to prevent the disease in advance. But if spermatorrhea has already begun to affect the male body, then it should be treated immediately, otherwise it will lead to complete dysfunction of its reproductive system.
In brief about pathology
Spermaturia - this is the name of the condition, manifested by the appearance of sperm in the urine. Normally, a small amount is acceptable after ejaculation. But if the ejaculate gets into the urine constantly, and in a noticeable amount, there is cause for concern.
In such cases, as a rule, pathological spermaturia is diagnosed, the reason for which usually lies in abnormalities of the development of the genital organs or in other diseases.
Normally, the ejaculate enters the urine from the urethra. However, if spermaturia is pathological, then the bladder becomes its source.
It is important to know that this phenomenon is often a symptom that signals the presence of more dangerous health problems.
This is the most common reason sperm appears in the urine. With this violation, the ejaculate enters directly into the bladder, and not into the peripheral parts of the urethra.
It should be noted that this pathology is also called "dry orgasm." With retrograde ejaculation, despite the full sensations of orgasm, ejaculation does not occur. By the way, this phenomenon is one of the most common causes of infertility in men.
Retrograde ejaculation is partial. With it, one part of the ejaculate leaves through the urethra, and the other enters the bladder. In men with complete retrograde ejaculation, the seed through the urethra does not exit at all.
Normally, the sphincter of the bladder at the time of "climax" is compressed. So the man’s body prevents the seed from entering it. But it happens that the sphincter does not shrink. This is the reason for getting the ejaculate there.
Detection of ailment
It is possible to detect the pathology in question with the naked eye. If urine leaches sperm, and this is constantly observed, then a man has spermaturia. Often, by the way, urine becomes cloudy due to the ejaculate contained in it.
It happens that retrograde ejaculation, due to which the seed appears in the urine, is confused with the so-called aspermatism (another name is anejaculation). This is a more rare disorder. It is characterized by an absolute absence of ejaculation. The difference between these phenomena is obvious. With anejaculation in urine, the seed is absent.
It is compiled after the detection of sperm in the analysis of urine. Since this pathology is a symptom, not a disease, the prognosis always depends on the reason why the ailment was caused.As can already be understood from the above, almost anything can provoke its appearance. Because of this, by the way, in many cases, complex diagnosis is complicated.
The most favorable prognoses are given to those patients whose spermaturia was caused by taking medications, hemorrhoids, spinal injuries (not particularly serious), multiple sclerosis, and diabetes mellitus. In such cases, general therapy and drug treatment are sufficient.
If the sperm in the urine of a man appears due to damage to nerves or muscles (this can happen due to surgery on the prostate gland or due to radiation), you will need to resort to surgical methods of treatment. However, so far they have not been studied enough, and therefore the results are dubious.
What actions need to be taken so that sperm in the urine cease to appear? The type of treatment is determined by the doctor depending on the etiological factor. Either a conservative or a surgical technique is used. Be that as it may, the goal is one - the restoration of the normal process of ejaculation.
If we talk about an inoperable technique, then here is what it is based on:
- Cancel the medicine that could lead to this disorder. This is the case if during the examination a pharmacological predisposing factor was found.
- Acupuncture (healing effect on the body with needles).
- Electrical stimulation of the bladder or urethra.
- Taking medications that can improve the functioning of the internal sphincter of the bladder.
- Physiotherapeutic procedures.
There is one more nuance, the knowledge of which can also help a person find the answer to the question of whether urine sperms from the urethra. Sex is recommended exclusively with an empty bladder. Otherwise, there is a risk of the ejaculate getting into urine.
Medicines for treatment
Drugs indicated for administration to men with spermaturia are aimed at normalizing the work of the sphincter of the bladder. Specialists usually prescribe such medicines:
- Tetracyclic antidepressants. In particular, Amitriptyline and Imipramin.
- Phenylephrine and Ephedrine.
- Antihistamines containing chlorphenamine.
The listed medicines help eliminate spermaturia if it was caused by malfunctions and disturbances in the functioning of the nervous system.
Unfortunately, far from always conservative methods of treatment help. Therefore, some men are prescribed surgery. Intervention may include the following activities:
- Reconstruction of urethral strictures.
- Sphincteroplasty of the bladder.
- Urethral plastic.
Typically, these procedures help restore normal ejaculation. And they are required in rare cases.
They also need to be briefly described. It is believed that if the cause of spermaturia was an unsuccessful operation on the urethra, then treatment will be useless. And all because in such cases, trauma to the nerve endings of the bladder is observed. Unfortunately, it is impossible to restore them.
This causes infertility. But if a man plans to have children in the future, he should not worry much. In such cases, resort to artificial insemination. His seminal fluid is taken from the urinary cavity, where it erupts. The ejaculate is collected by catheterization. And after that the egg is fertilized.
Such patients are not recommended to take antidepressants. They also need to control their blood sugar. Especially if diabetes is the cause of retrograde ejaculation.
Oddly enough, but there are people who ask themselves the question of where spermatozoa come from in the urine of women.
So, the girl’s body cannot produce ejaculate.After all, sperm is produced in the prostate gland and testicles, and only men have them. Therefore, if an ejaculate is found in a woman's urine, 100% he got there from the body of her partner after sex.
How exactly? First into the vagina. Then the woman collected urine in a container, without having previously carried out hygiene procedures (this is necessary if the plans include the delivery of urine for analysis). Accordingly, the male seed also got there.
This, by the way, will affect the results of the analysis. Microscopic examination of the sperm will be sure to be noticed.
Principles of therapy and prevention
The treatment is aimed at restoring the normal process of sperm excretion. Depending on the cause of the pathology, this is achieved by operational or conservative methods:
- If the disturbed ejaculation # 8212 is the result of drug therapy, then the drug is canceled or replaced with another.
- Physiotherapy, acupuncture and drugs that enhance the tone of the muscular sphincter help normalize the work of the bladder.
- Some congenital and acquired abnormalities can be eliminated only by surgical methods (urethral plastic surgery, etc.).
Important!Some experts recommend that men make love with a full bladder. In this state, the tone of his sphincter is increased, and the likelihood of back casting is significantly reduced. This gives a certain discomfort to a man and can be used once for the purpose of conceiving a baby.
If all activities are unsuccessful, then the couple are invited to use assisted reproductive methods. In these cases, male sperm are obtained, their morphological structure and other properties are checked, and then used for IVF, ICSI or intrauterine insemination.
Prevention is the competent choice of medicines and the treatment of existing somatic diseases. When working with the genitourinary organs, men give preference to minimally invasive surgical techniques, the risk of developing adhesions in which is minimized.
To avoid the development of inflammatory processes of the genital organs, men should monitor their reproductive health, avoid genital injuries and be faithful to their partner. In the presence of an infectious pathology, it is better to treat it at an early stage before the development of undesirable consequences.
Retrograde ejaculation does not pose a threat to the life and health of men. This condition can cause infertility, therefore, it needs timely treatment. If it is impossible to cure, partners are invited to use assisted reproduction methods.
Rapid disease tests for children and adults
Definition of the disease is possible not only by symptoms that appear externally (for example, rashes), but also by more thorough self-diagnosis. Some diseases can be found by palpation of certain parts of the body. Everyone knows the way to measure the pulse with the thumb on the vessel of the left hand.
This helps determine the heart rate and the presence of arrhythmias. Thanks to palpation, seals are found, for example, on the chest in women or on the neck (in cases where the problem arose due to inflammation of the lymph nodes).
However, a slightly different way to determine the presence of the disease. These are rapid tests that are purchased in pharmacies. Their principle is simple: a substance (saliva, blood) reacts with a reagent and show a certain result. The instruction describes in detail how to determine the presence of a disease.
Such diagnostic tests have many advantages:
- test fidelity (93-99%),
- can be quickly purchased at any pharmacy,
- easy to use
- speed of the procedure
But still, there are several disadvantages of the tests:
- despite the accuracy, they cannot become the basis for a final diagnosis,
- a blood test may be difficult for people who are afraid of blood,
- it is possible that the test is used for self-medication, and not a means of preliminary diagnosis before a full treatment.
Such tests are very convenient, and do not require special knowledge and skills to diagnose a particular disease. You can always ask for help from households if it is difficult to take the substance yourself.
An example of a diagnostic sequence can be as follows (diagnosis by saliva collection):
- A strip (or stick) for saliva is taken 1 time along the upper and lower gums. No need to run across the cheek, tongue and palate.
- The strip is inserted into the analyzer until it stops and time is detected.
- While the analysis of the received material will take place, do not touch the device, pull the strip and perform any other actions.
- The result can be seen after 20 minutes, but it is important not to overexpose the analyzer (up to 40 minutes). Check the data in good light.
Thanks to such tests, you can identify many diseases, but not all.
Those you can learn about include:
Rapid tests will help determine the disease, even without symptoms
In addition to using rapid tests, you can focus on many other signs that appear both externally and internally. If any problems arise, the body will always give a signal about this.
Bladder Ejaculation - Retrograde Ejaculation
Ejaculate in the urine is a sign that occurs against the background of a violation of the process of seed eruption that occurs in the cavity of the bladder. This condition in the medical field is called retrograde ejaculation.
Ejaculate in the urine is a rather rare condition that is diagnosed in only one percent of the total number of males that inhabit the globe. A similar sign can indicate anejaculation, which in turn is observed with an ailment such as retrograde ejaculation.
A large number of predisposing factors can become the cause of the development of such a violation, among which the abuse of certain drugs or the occurrence of diseases from the genitourinary system.
The main symptom is a change in the color and consistency of urine - it becomes cloudy and acquires a whitish hue. Retrograde ejaculation does not pose a threat to the patient’s life, but it can greatly complicate the process of conception.
Spermaturia is not the most pleasant, but relatively harmless state of the body caused by retrograde ejaculation.
Such ejaculation, despite the pathology associated with it, is painless and harmless.. But this is a signal of possible problems with the nervous system and fertility, therefore, if you notice such symptoms in yourself, you should undergo a comprehensive examination of the body .
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Hair condition diagnosis
Any disease is stress for the body. In this regard, special substances are released into the bloodstream of a person that can interfere with the passage of blood through the blood vessels, including the vessels of the head.
Because of this, the hair does not receive enough nutrients, which strengthen them, stimulate normal growth, give shine. Hair falls out more and more, and it becomes noticeable on the comb.
|Hormonal failure (contraceptive use, pregnancy)||Severe hair loss (shreds). Hair becomes oily almost immediately after a shower.|
|Gastrointestinal diseases||Hair grow dull, split, growth is disturbed. The nature of the loss may be different.|
|Anemia||The hair is dull, but for the most part anemia is determined by another symptom (pallor of the skin, weakness).|
|Malnutrition||From a lack of vitamins, hair can be cut off, stop growing, fall out in shreds, look dull and thin.|
|Stress||From frequent experiences, hair can also lose its color and fall out.|
|Metabolic disease||Excessive oiliness appears even after a recent visit to the shower.|
Determine whether healthy hair or not can be done with water. You can check as a single fallen hair, and all hair. You need to take the hair and put it in a glass with clean water. If he quickly went down, it means he was damaged. With loose hair you need to do the same: they are lowered into a filled basin or bath.
If they quickly fall, then there are some problems. Healthy ones remain on the surface. You can also determine the condition of the hair after taking a shower. Sick hair will dry very quickly, as they absorb little fluid and are depleted.
Assessment of the condition of hair without water occurs in good light. It is then that you can see the color saturation, healthy or oily sheen, whether the ends are split. A healthy hair resembles a silk thread, and the hair itself should be soft and smooth.
Causes of retrograde ejaculation
The causes of retrograde ejaculation may be associated with congenital and acquired pathology of the urethra and bladder. In the first case, the reverse reflux of seminal fluid is a consequence of congenital malformations of the genitourinary organs: the presence of urethral valves, abnormalities of the urinary bladder triangle and vas deferens, bladder exstrophy. Acquired anatomical conditions leading to retrograde ejaculation may include urethral stricture, sclerotic changes in the bladder neck, and pelvic venous congestion syndrome. Sometimes retrograde ejaculation is directly related to hormonal and organic changes that occur in the body during the period of male menopause.
Iatrogenic factors, including various surgical interventions on the abdominal and pelvic organs, can lead to secondary (acquired) retrograde ejaculation. These include the effects of transurethral resection of the prostate, suprapubic adenomectomy, prostatectomy, TUR of the bladder, sympathectomy, retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy, operations on the sigmoid and rectum, anal region. The neurological diseases: diabetic neuropathy, spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, etc. can play the etiological role in the occurrence of retrograde ejaculation.
Retrograde ejaculation can be associated with side effects of pharmacological drugs that cause paresis of the bladder neck: antihypertensives, antipsychotics, antidepressants, alpha-blockers, etc. All cases of retrograde ejaculation of unknown etiology are idiopathic.
Diseases can also affect the nails. When diagnosing, they evaluate their shape, pattern on the plate, the presence of spots and a change in shade. The presence of diseases can also be checked by the state of the lunula - the white area on the plate at the base of the nail.
|Endocarditis||The appearance of black spots.|
|Psoriasis||Modification of the nail - the appearance of small dimples, a change in the color of the nail at the edges (beige or brown).|
|Kidney disease||The base of the nail may have a white color, a division appears across the plate across.|
|Fungus||White spots, crumbling nails, peeling.|
|Liver disease||The appearance of black spots.|
|Thyroid Disorders||Fragility and exfoliation of nails, peeling of the skin.|
|Dysbacteriosis||The appearance of gaps or deep impressions.|
Some diseases can also be identified by lunula, but not always.In some cases, they may be absent due to the individual structural features of a person. A sudden change in the size of the lunula speaks of various skin diseases, heart diseases, gastrointestinal diseases and others.
Diagnosis of retrograde ejaculation
Usually, retrograde ejaculation is diagnosed in men who turn to a urologist or andrologist complaining of lack of sperm or a decrease in its quantity or unsuccessful attempts to conceive (in the absence of confirmed infertility in a woman). Initial medical consultation includes an anamnesis, a manual examination of the prostate gland, and a diagnostic algorithm.
The main way to detect retrograde ejaculation is post-ejaculatory analysis of urine, in which microscopic examination of the sediment reveals sperm and other substances that are part of the seminal fluid. With partial retrograde ejaculation and the possibility of obtaining ejaculate, a spermogram is studied (to exclude azoospermia), sperm biochemistry, test of sperm contact with cervical mucus, etc. To exclude organic causes of retrograde ejaculation, an ultrasound of the bladder, ultrasound of the prostate gland, urethroscopy, electromyography and other electromyography are performed. Retrograde ejaculation must be distinguished from anejaculation (lack of ejaculation) when no sperm are found in the urine.
Electromyography of the urinary bladder sphincter.
Sometimes, when you ask the question: “what is retrograde ejaculation”, the forum and its inhabitants confuse this disease with anejaculation. The forum is not the most reliable place, retrograde ejaculation, anejaculation are presented there as identical concepts. But anejaculation is not a complete release of seminal fluid and sperm. Therefore, you should not google "retrograde ejaculation reviews", as this is one of the most unreliable sources of information.
If ejaculation of sperm is always absent during intercourse, this helps to reduce sexual sensitivity, weaken orgasm and leads to a feeling of inferiority.
If a man for a long time ignores the absence of ejaculation after intercourse and does not seek medical help, then the so-called "pathological dominant" is formed in his brain. This leads to the fact that the man begins to abandon intimate relationships due to reduced self-esteem and erectile dysfunction.
The result of the lack of treatment for this pathology can be chronic prostatitis of congestive etiology. Such prostatitis can only be considered as an indirect complication, since it arises under the influence of many factors, one of which is retrograde ejaculation.
Retrograde ejaculation is a persistent violation of the physiologically correct process of ejection of the seed, during which the semen is released not into the external environment, but in the opposite direction - the bladder. Such ejaculation is rarely diagnosed and occurs in 1% of men.
The mechanism and types of disease
The physiologically correct sexual intercourse is the release of sperm into the urethra and its further release out of the urethra. Erection of the genital organ in a normal physical condition is ensured by the flow of blood to the cavernous body. The tide is simultaneously accompanied by an increase in the seed tubercle and a decrease in the internal sphincter in the bladder. These actions contribute to the release of semen in the urethra in only one direction and exclude its penetration into the bladder. If pathological changes are present and the sphincter is weak, then the flow of sperm goes unhindered into the bladder.
The following types of ejaculation of a retrograde type are distinguished:
- Full: instead of sperm exhaling through the urethra, it enters the bladder.The main indicator of this anomaly is the inability to excrete sperm from the urethra. But the main components of sexual intercourse - attraction, excitability and orgasm, are always present.
- Incomplete (partial). Significantly reduced the amount of semen released. Its volume usually does not exceed 2 ml, one part of the sperm enters the bladder, and the other into the urethra.
This disease is not particularly dangerous. Seminal fluid, thrown into the bladder, does not cause any harm to health, and is subsequently removed from it naturally.
Symptoms of retrograde ejaculation
The disease does not affect the erection, does not cause a pain symptom in a man, does not affect his sexual activity, does not dull the feeling of satisfaction from sexual intercourse.
Retrograde ejaculation is manifested by the following symptoms:
- Lack of sperm after completion of sexual intercourse.
- The volume of secreted ejaculate is negligible.
- Turbid urine after intercourse. When examined, you can see clots of sperm.
A negative factor in this disease is male infertility. Sperm itself does not lose its quality and remains suitable for conception, but a man is not able to conceive a child on his own. In such cases, it is proposed to use the IVF procedure.
Often, the disease becomes the cause of the development of a depressive state in a man. His self-esteem regarding his inferiority is significantly underestimated.
Retrograde Ejaculation Test
After going to the clinic and describing the symptoms, you will definitely be prescribed a retrograde ejaculation test. Passing it is quite simple. A microscopic examination of urine (its sediment) is performed in the laboratory. The collection of material for analysis is carried out after ejaculation. If spermatozoa, other substances that are part of the seed are found in the analysis, then they are diagnosed with complete or partial retrograde ejaculation. This diagnosis is made by only one percent of men.
If a retrograde ejaculation test confirms the diagnosis, then additional studies will help you to identify the cause of the disease. It can be an ultrasound of the bladder, prostate gland and others. Treatment can be surgical or conservative, it all depends on the reasons.
If the reasons are pharmacological, then you will be replaced with a medicine that gives a similar side effect. Physiotherapy, acupuncture, and even electrical stimulation can also be prescribed.
As a prophylaxis or prevention of ejection of semen in the urinary tract, it is recommended to have intercourse when the bladder is full.
Surgical methods include urethral plastic, sphincteroplastic of the bladder and so on.
As a prevention of this disease, doctors recommend monitoring blood sugar levels and, if necessary, surgery, choose minimally invasive methods.
Treatment of retrograde ejaculation is a complex and lengthy process consisting in restoring normal (antegrade) ejaculation. Treatment of this pathology can be conservative and surgical. But in addition to this, it is necessary to consider what factors led to the appearance of retrograde ejaculation.
To learn how to cure "retrograde ejaculation", you must first understand the mechanism of its occurrence.
If it is a consequence of the action of drugs that cause impaired contractility of the cystic sphincter, it is necessary to cancel, or, replace these drugs with analogues that do not lead to a change in the process of ejaculation. These drugs include: drugs that reduce blood pressure (bisoprolol, propranolol, sotalol, atenolol, mebivolol - these drugs reduce the volume of cardiac output and pressure level, thereby reducing the fullness of the vessels of the urinary sphincter, which determines the strength of its reduction), antipsychotics (risperidone, amisulpiride, clozapine, olanzapine, quentiapine, ziprasidone - these drugs bind to the alpha-adrenergic receptors of the urinary sphincter, reduce its reduction rate and tone), drugs for depression, α-blockers (doxazo zine, prazosin - these drugs bind to the alpha-adrenergic receptors of the urinary bladder sphincter, reduce its reduction rate and tone). Often, retrograde ejaculation leads to the use of the drug urorek and focusin.Urorek and focusin are highly selective drugs for alpha1-adrenergic receptors, which are located in large quantities on the walls of the prostate gland and in the sphincter of the bladder. Their main effect is the relaxation of smooth muscle fibers of the proximal end of the urethra, so during ejaculation they do not have time to contract, and the sperm is completely or partially thrown into the bladder.
How to treat retrograde ejaculation and how to treat retrograde ejaculation?
Retrograde ejaculation treatment is divided into 2 types
- Conservative treatment.
- Surgical treatment.
Conservative therapy includes:
- Electrical stimulation of the muscles of the sphincter of the bladder and urethra.
- Physiotherapeutic procedures aimed at the lysis of adhesions of the urethral canal.
- Reflexotherapy (with the help of various mechanical stimuli they act on certain areas and points of the body, thereby affecting the nerve endings. This leads to an improvement in the functioning of the reproductive system).
- Acupuncture (acupuncture) to improve neuropsychiatric diseases and conditions, such as depression, apathy, irritability and decreased self-esteem, arising against the background of retrograde ejaculation.
- Exercise to train your pelvic floor muscles.
To prevent retrograde reflux of seminal fluid, you need to have sex with a full bladder.
Treatment with drugs.
In such a pathological condition as retrograde ejaculation, drug treatment consists in the appointment of drugs that affect the tone and contractility of the sphincter of the bladder (ephedrine sulfate, midodrine, etc.).
Ephedrine sulfate - acting on alpha-adrenergic receptors, increases the tone of the muscular sphincter of the bladder and enhances its contractility, thereby preventing the appearance of retrograde ejaculation. It is used strictly as prescribed by the doctor in the form of injections or in tablets of 0.001 g 2 times a day.
Midodrin - affects alpha-adrenergic receptors and improves the function of the sphincter of the bladder. Assign in the form of tablets of 2.5 mg 2 times a day (morning and evening).
Imipramine is an antidepressant prescribed to eliminate the psychoemotional disorders that arose against the background of retrograde ejaculation. It is possible to take other antidepressants at the discretion of the doctor.
If retrograde ejaculation treatment is ineffective, it may be a symptom of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus. Retrograde ejaculation in diabetes appears because there is damage to both the nerves innervating the bladder and the vessels that feed these nerve fibers. Damage to blood vessels and nerves occurs as a result of a constantly increased level of glucose in the blood. Glucose accumulates in the cells and cannot be properly disposed of; an accumulation of negatively acting metabolites occurs. As a result, the destruction of microvessels that feed the nerve begins and, at the same time, damage to nerve cells. Nerve cells begin to die actively due to a lack of oxygen and the accumulation of harmful substances inside the cells. Nerve trunks cease to promptly stimulate the sphincter of the bladder to contract, and seed is thrown into the bladder. That is why a disease such as retrograde ejaculation cannot be treated with diabetic polyneuropathy.
In the case when retrograde ejaculation arose due to hormonal imbalance, the doctor corrects this condition with hormonal drugs after passing the necessary tests.
Surgical treatment, retrograde ejaculation - compatible concepts? Retrograde ejaculation, how to treat with surgery?
Surgical retrograde ejaculation treatment is only required if there are anatomical defects in the bladder or urethra.In the case of the bladder, one of the operations is performed: either plastic wall (in the presence of a defect in the front wall of the bladder), or plastic neck and sphincter (in case of insufficiency of the neck or sphincter). An additional examination will be required before treatment. Retrograde ejaculation caused by adhesions and strictures is corrected by dissection of adhesions or urethral grafting. After such operations, anti-adhesion preparations are required.
In most cases, surgery for retrograde ejaculation is necessary if this violation occurs due to malformations of the genitourinary system. Retrograde ejaculation after surgery may also occur and its treatment will consist of dissection of adhesions and plastic surgery of the urethra. An insignificant weakness of the sphincter of the bladder may also occur as a result of its minor trauma and, as a consequence, retrograde ejaculation, after surgery. Treatment in this case will be the use of drugs.
Now consider all cases in more detail.
As a result of malformations of the genitourinary system, the front wall of the bladder may be absent, the sphincter or the entire neck of the bladder may be underdeveloped, there may also be congenital urethral strictures that do not interfere with urination, but make it difficult to ejaculate. In the absence of the anterior wall or underdevelopment of the neck and sphincter of the bladder, the defect is closed with surrounding muscles, if the defect is very slight, then it is sutured or plastic with synthetic material. If the size of the defect in the anterior wall of the bladder (extrophy) is less than 4 cm, the prognosis is favorable, since the structure of the walls is not broken, only the anatomy is violated, and if the size is more than 4 cm, the prognosis is less pleasant, since location violations are, in most cases, accompanied by violations of a histological nature.
Rarely, there may be a violation of the contractility of the sphincter of the bladder due to unintentional sympathectomy after some operations in the small pelvis and lower floor of the abdominal cavity. These operations include:
- Transurethral or suprapubic adenomectomy of the prostate gland.
- Transurethral cystoscopy.
- Various operations to remove peri-bubble lymph nodes, which damage the sympathetic nerve trunks that go to the bladder.
- Sigmoid and rectal surgery.
- Removal of stones from the bladder.
Treatment of retrograde ejaculation after surgery involves dissection of adhesions formed inside the urethra and the use of anti-adhesive drugs. In the event of postoperative strictures, a more complex operation to restore the urethra - plastic of the urethral canal will be required.
If there are minor postoperative disorders of the tone of the sphincter of the bladder, then a course of drug treatment is necessary to restore the tone of the urinary sphincter.
Is retrograde ejaculation harmful? Many men, faced with such a serious and at the same time delicate problem, ask themselves the question “retrograde ejaculation - is it harmful?”
Retrograde ejaculation is a fairly serious disease that requires treatment. Otherwise, the man is unable to conceive a child due to the fact that sperm does not go outside during orgasm, but enters the bladder and is destroyed. Also, with untimely treatment, it leads to such psychological disorders as depression, irritability, decreased self-esteem, apathy, etc.
If ejaculation of sperm is always absent during intercourse, this helps to reduce sexual sensitivity, weaken orgasm and leads to a feeling of inferiority.
Sperm that enters the bladder during ejaculation does not pose a danger to the male body, as it is simply excreted from the body during urination. A man, as a rule, does not experience unpleasant or painful sensations at this moment.
Is retrograde ejaculation harmful? If a man for a long time ignores the absence of ejaculation after intercourse and does not seek medical help, then the so-called "pathological dominant" is formed in his brain. This leads to the fact that the man begins to abandon intimate relationships due to reduced self-esteem and erectile dysfunction.
Thus, there are four answers to the question “retrograde ejaculation: is it harmful?” Often men ask the question "is retrograde ejaculation harmful to health in general?" If you look at this pathology from the harm it causes to the whole body as a whole, we can say that the injection of seminal fluid into the bladder does not harm the body and the genitourinary system, because sperm comes out during urination.
If you look at this situation from the side of reproductive function, then with complete retrograde ejaculation, a man will not be able to fertilize a woman and the conception of a child becomes impossible. This creates great difficulties for both a married man and a man who marries.
On the part of sexual satisfaction, problems also arise. They are associated with a decrease in sexual sensitivity of the penis, a weakening of orgasm and a decrease in potency. This leads to the fact that the man begins to consciously abandon intimate relationships.
And the fourth point is related to the fact that retrograde ejaculation leads to such psychological disorders as depression, irritability, decreased self-esteem, apathy, etc. A man who is unable to conceive a child and continue his family, soon begins to feel inferior and closes itself from the outside world.
Spermaturia: how to find out the causes, what are the symptoms, as well as the diagnosis and treatment of the disease
Spermaturia may be a symptom of a large number of abnormalities and diseases. The most common cause of spermaturia is the so-called retrograde ejaculation. In this violation of the functioning of the genitourinary system, sperm does not enter the peripheral parts of the urethra, but directly into the urethra.
Also she is called "dry orgasm" because with it, despite the full-fledged sensations of orgasm, ejaculation as such does not occur. Retrograde ejaculation is one of the causes of male infertility .
It is partial and complete: with partial retrograde ejaculation, part of the sperm exits normally # 8212, through the urethra, and part into the bladder. With complete retrograde ejaculation, the sperm does not enter the urethra at all .
Under normal conditions, the sphincter of the bladder contracts during ejaculation. This is to prevent sperm from entering the bladder. But sometimes this does not happen, which is the reason for sperm getting there.
Reasons that cause retrograde ejaculation:
- Taking certain medications, such as tamsulosin.
- The consequences of prostatitis.
- The consequences of prostate surgery. The normal functioning of the sphincter of the bladder is disturbed.
- Venous pelvic congestion.
- Congenital malformations of the spermatic ducts.
- Taking antidepressants.
- Nervous system problems, such as multiple sclerosis or spinal cord injuries.
- Obstruction of normal ejaculation by pinching the urethral opening at the end of masturbation.
Sperm in the urine of a man can appear only against the background of a disease such as retrograde ejaculation, in which sperm enters the cavity of the bladder.The following predisposing factors can lead to a similar rather rare disorder in urology:
- congenital or acquired abnormalities in the development of the organs of the male genitourinary system,
- diseases affecting the bladder, urethra or neck of the bladder,
- damage to the sphincter of this organ, which may be functional or organic,
- previously resected bladder neck resection,
- the course of prostate adenoma,
- untimely treatment of prostatitis - in such cases, the appearance of ejaculate in urine will be one of the complications,
- erratic intake of certain groups of drugs, in particular antidepressants, as well as medications aimed at lowering blood tone,
- intestinal pathology,
- severe diabetes mellitus,
- insufficient closure of the valve of the internal sphincter of an organ such as the bladder,
- urethral stricture
- bladder exstrophy.
The most rare causes of sperm in urine include:
- malformations of the ureter or seminal ducts that were formed during fetal development.
- the formation of hemorrhoids.
- a diagnosis of venous-pelvic congestion.
- impaired functioning of the nervous system - this includes multiple sclerosis or trauma to the spinal cord.
- healing of the urethral opening at the end of masturbation - this prevents normal ejaculation and leads to a condition such as retrograde ejaculation.
- hormonal or organic changes that occur in the body during the onset of male menopause.
- multiple sclerosis.
- permanent exposure of the body to radiation.
In some cases, the causes of the main symptom cannot be determined.
Ejaculation into the bladder, in which sperm actually enters urine, is divided into several forms and happens:
- complete - characterized by the fact that during the logical completion of sexual intercourse or the process of masturbation, the eruption of the seed is not observed
- partial - while a small amount of semen is in the urethra, and the main volume of sperm enters the bladder.
What is retrograde (reverse) ejaculation? This is a condition when the usual process of ejaculation is disrupted.
The sphincter of the urea does not contract, which is why fluid with sperm penetrates directly into the bladder. When antegrade, i.e. normal ejaculation of his neck does not allow sperm to enter urine.
The above problem in medical practice of urologists and andrologists is rare, in about 1-2% of men.
The danger is that it can lead to infertility, the treatment of which often does not help. In addition, surgical methods have many contraindications, such as prostate adenoma, myocardial infarction, diseases of the digestive and cardiovascular systems, the presence of urinary tract infections. Why does this disease occur? The reason is associated with a congenital or acquired pathology of the genitourinary system. The problem arises due to dysfunction of the valves in the urethral canal and urinary ducts or due to extrophy of the bladder, transformation of its neck. Sometimes, reverse seed reflux is associated with hormonal disorders, changes during the period of male menopause (age-related transformations caused by involution and hypofunction of the sex glands). The phenomenon also occurs due to:
As practice shows, existing methods for restoring a man’s ability to fertilize (and they are very long and expensive) lead to the proper result only in 15-30% of cases.
Causes of Seed Reverse Ejection
In addition, surgical methods have many contraindications, such as prostate adenoma, myocardial infarction, diseases of the digestive and cardiovascular systems, the presence of urinary tract infections.
Why does this disease occur? The reason is associated with a congenital or acquired pathology of the genitourinary system.
The problem arises due to dysfunction of the valves in the urethral canal and urinary ducts or due to extrophy of the bladder, transformation of its neck.
Sometimes, reverse seed reflux is associated with hormonal disorders, changes during the period of male menopause (age-related transformations caused by involution and hypofunction of the sex glands).
The phenomenon also occurs due to:
Spermaturia is able to appear after operations on the organs of the peritoneum, colon, zone of the anus, conducted earlier. Neurological diseases, in which the cross-vertebral spine is damaged, can contribute to the development of pathology.
Pathology can be painless, the key symptoms are manifested in the following:
- lack of secretions during sex, after orgasm (in some cases they will come out of the urethra, but in much smaller quantities, less than 1-2 ml),
- turbid color of urine, as sperm comes out with urine after ejaculation,
- impossible conception (fertilization), i.e. infertility.
The fact that spermatozoa are found in the urine (spermaturia) is not able to affect the patient's erection, adversely affect his sexual satisfaction. It is harmless to the body of the man as a whole and does not make urination painful.
The above factors are only the main, most common in practice, which can lead to the manifestation of sperm in the urine. There are others - less common.
For example, tests often show the presence of seed in urine in adolescent boys. This is due to the fact that during the morning shedding a small amount of fluid enters the urethra.
In this case, the collection of urine for analysis was carried out incorrectly. To prevent this from happening, you need to know that to conduct a reliable study and obtain unmistakable results, an average portion of urine is required.
Frequent masturbation can also lead to spermaturia.
In any case, with the manifestation of symptoms of pathology, you must immediately consult a doctor, and not self-medicate. Only a specialist can make the correct diagnosis.
Diagnostics and research
The andrologist or urologist makes a diagnosis and treats this pathology, to which the patient complains about the absence of sperm during orgasm, a significant decrease in its volume or the inability of a woman to become pregnant (if there is a confirmed fact that the partner has no infertility).
Initially, when a patient visits, the doctor collects an anamnesis, manual examination, draws up a plan for further diagnosis.
If a certain amount of seed is released during ejaculation, in this case, the specialist prescribes a spermogram. This is a research method that allows you to determine the fertility of male sperm.
It is carried out when preparing a couple for pregnancy, ICSI or IVF (in vitro fertilization).
The doctor also prescribes sperm biochemistry and a test of its contact with an admixture of cervical mucus, and sends it to an ultrasound examination of the genitourinary area.
Urethroscopy is performed to assess the condition of the urethra of the patient, electromyography is done (a study in which muscle activity is studied), electroneurography to determine the speed of passage of nerve impulses. It is necessary to distinguish between reverse ejaculation and anejaculation - a state when the ejaculate is completely absent.
Diagnose pathology using a general analysis of urine. A study of urine sediment will determine the presence of sperm, as well as other chemicals.
Urine mixed with a small amount of seminal fluid is a health-friendly phenomenon. If there is a lot of sperm, this is a cause for concern.
The examination should be carried out immediately after sexual intercourse or another process in which ejaculation occurs.
Spermaturia and its treatment
It is not worth postponing a visit to a doctor and conducting therapy - this can be a dangerous condition when there is a chance of getting infertility.Therefore, after diagnosis, the specialist prescribes individual procedures.
With confirmed retrograde ejaculation, treatment should be carried out immediately. His goal is to restore normal ejaculation in the patient. There are two ways to treat a violation: surgical or using more conservative methods.
If this pathology was facilitated by taking medications, they are canceled or replaced with other medicines that do not have similar side effects.
A conservative method leading to recovery includes the appointment of acupuncture, acupuncture. Physiotherapeutic procedures are carried out, the impact of an electric impulse on the urethra. A man is also recommended to have sex with a full bladder, which prevents sperm from entering urine.
The medication method consists in the prolonged use of drugs that positively affect the tone of the urea sphincter. For example, Fokusin and drugs with a similar composition and pharmacological action. In some cases, the disease can only be cured by surgery. The patient undergoes plastic surgery on the urethra.
The most serious consequences of spermaturia are not the restoration of the normal ejaculation process in men. Then the renewal of the ability to conceive children is possible with the help of assistive technologies.
In this case, sperm is obtained by catheterization from urine, when urination occurred immediately after ejaculation.
In the future, the doctor determines which method will be the most effective and safe: it can be intrauterine insemination, ICSI or in vitro fertilization of eggs.
Bladder ejaculation - causes and treatment of disorders
Reverse ejaculation (retrograde), also called reverse ejaculation, is one of the causes of male infertility. Retrograde ejaculation is the pathology of the ejaculate, which consists in the fact that the sperm does not go outside, and through a short segment of the urethra enters the bladder.
The reason for reverse ejaculation is a violation of the muscles of the sphincter of the bladder, ejaculation without orgasm and systolic ejaculation. Reverse ejaculation does not affect the general state of human health, but leads to the inability to conceive a child.
What is retrograde ejaculation?
With normal ejaculation, the bladder neck closes through contraction of the sphincter muscle fibers. Seed - the sperm produced in the testicles and the secretion of the seminal vesicles and prostate gland - is secreted from the penis through the urethra.
In case of reverse ejaculation, the neck of the bladder does not close, but remains open. Seed passes freely into the bladder, and is not excreted through the penis by ejaculation.
Reverse ejaculation does not lead to erectile dysfunction and does not affect the overall health of men. Seed leaves the bladder with urine. During intercourse, a man usually experiences an orgasm, but does not throw the seed out, which makes it impossible to fertilize a partner.
Reasons for reverse ejaculation
Reverse ejaculation can be temporary or permanent. If reverse ejaculation occurs from time to time, then it is usually caused by taking certain medications.
Pharmaceutical products that can cause retrograde ejaculation include:
Ejaculation normalizes, usually after the end of taking these drugs.
Chronic reverse ejaculation may be caused by:
- diabetes - retrograde ejaculation is a sign of diabetic neuropathy,
- neurological diseases, for example, with multiple sclerosis,
- disorders of contractility of the muscles of the urethra,
- diseases of the mouth of the bladder,
- spinal cord injuries
- split spine
- unexpected sexual practices
- prostate surgery.
It is estimated that retrograde ejaculation occurs in approximately 90% of men who have undergone surgery due to diseases of the prostate gland.
Sometimes the appearance of pain in the teeth can speak not only about the disease of the teeth themselves, from which the visit to the dentist helps, but also about internal and some other diseases. The color of tooth enamel can also tell about the state of health.
|Dental condition||Possible diseases|
|Caries||Cystitis, otitis media.|
|Aching pain (in the gums)||Liver disease, pulpitis.|
|Pain in small molars||Pneumonia, dysbiosis, allergic reactions.|
|Pain in large molars||Gastrointestinal diseases (ulcer, pancreatitis, gastritis), anemia, sinusitis, mastopathy.|
Unpleasant sensations may be absent, but due to some diseases the color of the teeth themselves changes:
- red color - pulp disease,
- yellowish - urinary system problems,
- a brownish color may occur due to cigarette smoking and frequent consumption of coffee,
- brown in non-smokers - kidney disease,
- mother-of-pearl overflows indicate anemia.
Yellow spots may appear on the teeth, which may indicate the administration of tetracycline drugs or metabolic disorders.
The skin is able to tell about the state of human health much more. Some internal problems may not appear, do not cause pain or sharp discomfort. But then you can find out about their presence by examining the condition of the skin.
|Yellow skin color||Diseases of the liver and pancreas|
|Bronze color||Adrenal gland problems|
|Pallor||Low blood pressure, stomach problems|
|Blood vessel mesh||Vascular disease, liver damage|
|Vasodilation in the mouth||Gastritis|
|Periodic flushing||Climax, malignant tumors|
|Wrinkles and dryness at an early age||The occurrence of skin diseases, gastrointestinal tract and pancreas|
|Blue-red tint in the cheeks||Heart disease|
Nutrition has a great effect on the skin. So, when eating harmful foods, fast food, a lot of sweets, rashes, itching can appear on the skin. Inadequate nutrition or an unbalanced diet can also cause acne, dryness, early wrinkles, pallor.
Hygiene plays a significant role. Without proper care, the skin becomes oily, peeling, and small inflammations appear on it.
By the appearance of the tongue, it is possible to identify many diseases, including lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, urinary system and others. Each calving of a language is responsible for a certain system of organs. So, for example, the end of the tongue “is attached to the heart, the edges - to the liver and gall bladder. You can also determine the condition of a person by color and shape.
|Red||Fever, infections, pneumonia|
|Dark red||Pyemia, toxemia|
|Purple||Violation of the work of blood vessels and heart, respiration|
|Bluish tint||Critical stage of a serious illness|
|Pronounced blue||Impending death|
|Yellow (plaque)||Gastrointestinal diseases|
You can identify some ailments by looking at the shape of the language. A swollen, “thick” tongue speaks of a disease of the gastrointestinal tract, poisoning. Dry - about a lack of fluid in the body. You should also pay attention to the nature of the plaque in the language.
If he appeared suddenly, after the start of treatment, this indicates a possible negative effect of medications. When intense plaque becomes thinner or disappears, this indicates recovery.If the plaque appeared and disappeared abruptly, but the disease still remained, this means the weakness of the body and the deterioration of its protective functions.
Diagnosis of eye diseases
Definition of the disease by the symptoms that occur due to eye damage is possible. Some symptoms may be the beginning of a serious illness, but not always. However, if you feel uncomfortable, it is best to undergo an examination with an ophthalmologist.
|"Flies" before the eyes||Eye fatigue. With frequent appearance, indicates inflammation.|
|Blurred vision||If clouding appears during a sharp change in lighting - this is not dangerous. The constant presence of this symptom indicates overexertion, or a possible pathology.|
|Pain behind eyeballs||Visual impairment|
|Sensation of a foreign object in the eye||Infectious disease, allergy, eye injury|
|Sudden blindness||May cause a stroke|
|The appearance of ghosting around light objects||Glaucoma eyes|
To check eye diseases, special tests (available on the Internet) can be used, thanks to which you can determine the possible presence of vision problems. For example, tests for myopia and farsightedness.
Diseases of the brain that arise for various reasons can be identified in the early stages. However, if there is a suspicion of brain damage, do not self-medicate and delay the moment. Any, even minor symptoms - this is an occasion to undergo examination and pass tests. Diseases of the brain disrupt the body as a whole and progress without treatment.
|Malignant tumor||Severe headache with vomiting, impaired brain function, psyche|
|Benign tumor||Headache, nausea, vomiting, distraction|
|Epilepsy||Cramps, loss of consciousness|
|Vegetative-vascular dystonia||Severe headache, irritability, sharp pains in the heart, high blood pressure|
|Other vascular diseases||Irritability, impaired memory and mental capacity, fainting, partial blindness, weakness, impaired touch|
Not always brain diseases make themselves felt in full, and a person may feel a slight malaise.
It happens that these mild symptoms are attributed to fatigue and a heavy load at work or school. Therefore, to exclude dangerous pathological processes, when these symptoms appear, it is better to undergo an examination. Blood sampling, ultrasound and similar methods will help determine if there are abnormalities in the body.
Some of the most common ailments occur in the throat. The larynx is a filter that delays all harmful microorganisms, infections and “takes over” the entire blow.
|Angina||Temperature, headache (sometimes migraine), severe sore throat, swelling of the tonsils, accumulation of pus in the throat, bad breath, white coating on the tongue, pain when swallowing saliva|
|Tonsillitis||Tonsil inflammation, hoarseness|
|Laryngitis||Dry cough, turning into wet, dry mouth, disappearance of voice, sensation of a lump in throat, temperature|
|Pharyngitis||Pain when swallowing, fever, tickle|
|Adenoiditis||Severe headache, shortness of breath and suffocation, suffocating cough|
|Tumors||Foreign body sensation, difficulty swallowing, respiratory failure, the appearance of blood from the mouth or nose, profuse salivation, toothache|
|Mycoses||Redness of the throat, pain when swallowing, white coating, ulcers in the oral cavity, damage to the corners of the mouth, dry cough, swelling of the neck, pain in the cervical lymph nodes|
In addition to fungal and infectious diseases that provoke viruses and microorganisms, a mechanical injury can damage the throat. Eating too hot or very cold food and drinks, spicy foods can damage the surface of the throat and cause irritation, and this can cause inflammation.
Artists and novice singers may experience a sore throat, which is accompanied by a tickle and a change in voice. Infectious diseases can also distort the voice for life, this is due to complications or improper treatment. Some diseases can develop due to sinusitis, caries, lung dysfunction, and smoking.
Semen fluid in the bladder
One of the rare factors of male infertility may be retrograde ejaculation. This pathology does not pose a risk to the health and well-being of a man, but significantly reduces his chances of successful fatherhood. Consider what causes this process, and how to get rid of it.
Diseases of the nose
The nose is also a natural filter of the human body, so it is very often exposed to pathogenic organisms. Diseases develop due to the penetration of fungi, viruses and bacteria, sometimes poisonous substances. In some cases, even a common cold can cause complications and a much more serious problem.
|Nasopharyngitis||Dry mucous membrane, edema, discharge (as with a runny nose) with pus.|
|Chronic rhinitis||Lack of full sense of smell, burning in the nose, the appearance of snoring, nasal congestion, copious discharge, nasal, redness of the eyes.|
|Ozena||Isolation of a viscous substance from the nose with a sharp, unpleasant odor, possibly yellowish, the formation of dry crusts in the nose.|
|Non-infectious rhinitis||Nasal congestion, decreased odor perception, lacrimation, redness in the nose.|
|Sinusitis||Depending on the species. Sinusitis - temperature, severe pain in the nose and sinuses, the appearance of pus. Frontitis - swelling of the nose, abscess, polyps, discoloration of the skin, fever. Etmoiditis - a feeling of "bloating" in the nose, poor breathing, heavy discharge, lack of smell. Sphenoiditis - vision problems, unpleasant odor from the oral cavity, discharge from the nose with pus.|
|Polyps in the nose||Frequent sneezing, headache, noisy breathing through the nose, snoring, frequent nasal discharge.|
Diseases of the nose can occur not only due to infection. Sometimes respiratory problems are congenital. They can also occur after damage to the nose (fractures, curvatures). Very often, nose diseases are expressed externally: redness, pain during palpation, swelling.
By examining the neck, you can identify some possible diseases of the esophagus and respiratory tract. The presence of pathologies, inflammations is possible in appearance - puffiness, skin color, seals, various deformations.
|Probable disease||Neck appearance|
|Lymphoma||Perhaps the appearance of neoplasms in the places of the cervical lymph nodes and occipital, with the growth of several small tumors can combine.|
|Diverticulum||Pain in the esophagus, vomiting, perspiration and bad breath, swallowing accompanied by an audible sound. On the side, a loose thickening may occur, which increases after eating or drinking a glass of liquid. When pressed, sounds of bubbling, bubbling water are possible.|
|Fistulas||Rapid blood flow to the tissues of the fistulous course, pain, possible seals (cysts).|
|Asphyxia||Uniform increase in the cervical region, venous stasis.|
|Burhave syndrome||Difficulty in swallowing, respiratory depression, vomiting, neck enlargement, cutting pain.|
Formations on the neck are a serious problem that needs to be treated. Without timely measures, a person can suffocate, and in the case of diseases such as lymphoma, tumors spread not only on the neck, but also affect the internal organs, which leads to death.
Breast diseases in women
Breast diseases in women can be easily detected at the initial stage at home.A lot of pathologies are detected during a home check. To do this, you do not need to buy special tests or any devices, just palpation and a look at the appearance of the chest.
|Where is self-diagnosis carried out||What should be done|
|In the shower||One hand is held up, and the other is probed with the straight fingers of the mammary gland. The same thing is done with another gland. During the test, there should be no lumps or tubercles in the chest.|
|In front of the mirror||Hands are first held at the seams, and then do not sharply raise up. In this case, you need to pay attention to whether the breast has changed during this, its shape, size, or whether there is any displacement. Fingers can gently squeeze the nipples and check for secretions.|
|Lying down||It is necessary to lie on your back, placing a towel or pillow under one shoulder, and putting the same hand under your head. With a free hand, careful straight palpation of the gland is performed. Circular movements are made from the upper edge to the nipple. The same procedure is repeated on the other hand. You can also check and education in the armpits.|
During the inspection, you should pay attention to:
- wrinkled skin
- discharge from the nipple, including bleeding,
- discoloration of the nipples.
Self-diagnosis of the breast helps to detect malignant tumors at an early stage, which makes it possible to avoid serious surgery. If you have suspicions, you should contact a mammologist and undergo a mammogram for a more accurate diagnosis.
Determining the disease by the symptoms associated with the gastrointestinal tract is not so difficult. Very often, you can find out about problems with the gastrointestinal tract by a yellow complexion, bad breath, a sharp negative reaction to smells, severe pain in the stomach and other signs.
It is possible to independently diagnose many diseases, among them it is worth highlighting 13 common ones:
- Gastritis is acute - Bad breath, white mucus on the tongue, dry mouth, pallor in the nose.
- Gastritis is chronic - pain in the stomach, redness of the nose.
- Stomach upset - Cracks in the tongue, swelling of the upper lip after eating, nausea.
- Ulcer - hollow cheeks, white plaque in the middle of the tongue, pallor.
- Binge eating - nausea (vomiting is possible), a feeling of heaviness, sweating, pain in the stomach.
- Malnutrition - skin changes (unpleasant odor, pallor, the appearance of dryness or greasy), rash, bad breath, hair loss.
- Malnutrition - dry skin, susceptibility to infections, the appearance of age spots, profuse hair loss.
- Indigestion - acne, yellow color around the mouth, brittle nails.
- Appendicitis - acute pain in the right side, not allowing to move, sweating.
- Helminthiasis - grinding of teeth at night, a bluish tint around the eyes.
- Dysentery - blue coating on the tongue.
- Intestinal polyposis - inflammation in the nose.
- Bowel disease - acne, dry mouth, brown coating on the tongue, alteration of nails, deterioration of the hair, yellowish complexion or pallor, nausea, aversion to smell.
If there is a sharp pain in the stomach, discomfort in the esophagus, nausea, or similar symptoms, it is better to start treatment immediately, as this may turn out to be the beginning of a more serious disease. Sometimes ailments are accompanied by fever, diarrhea or constipation, lack of appetite.
The liver - the largest gland of the human body - very often takes all the blows on itself, as it is a filter. The liver provides order in the entire system, and with its diseases, the rest of the organ systems can suffer. Ailments appear for various reasons: alcohol, smoking, malnutrition, age.
When the liver becomes ill, a person has the following symptoms:
- yellowness of the skin
- discoloration of feces,
- bouts of itching
- headache, irritability, fatigue and lethargy,
- pain when you click on the area of the liver,
- organ enlargement.
Along with these symptoms, mental disorders can also develop, one of the causes of which is bile poisoning. A person can become aggressive, shy, often feel powerless.
First, urine is examined to detect kidney diseases. If it contains impurities, white flakes, or the liquid has a reddish, burgundy or pinkish color - this definitely means that there is a problem with the urinary system.
|The state of natural secretions||Other symptoms|
Many diseases have similar symptoms, and more accurately they can be determined by ultrasound and tests.
If there is a sharp pain in the lower back, severe pain during urination, you should think about the appearance of kidney stones.
Against the background of frequent emotional experiences, stress, malnutrition, as well as many other causes, heart diseases can develop. They can be observed from birth, they can be obtained at a young age.
Older people are at risk, and they are especially in need of care. Detection of symptoms of a heart disease suggests that you should see a doctor as soon as possible
|Coronary artery disease||Severe chest pain, burning in the chest, respiratory failure, blood clots|
|Hypertension||The nose acquires a reddish tint, fragility of small vessels, blood stasis, inability to perform some physical exercises, shortness of breath|
|Arrhythmia||Heart rate drops, dizziness, shortness of breath, mild pain in the heart is possible|
|Heart failure||Blue tint of the lips, blue limbs, shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing up blood|
|Neurosis||Heart palpitations, high blood pressure, dizziness, heart pain, impotence|
Heart disease can occur due to scoliosis, osteochondrosis. The curvature of the spine deforms the muscles and the location of the bones, causing dull, aching or pressing pain in the heart, which can increase with movements or attempting a deep breath.
The presence of diseases in women can be identified by the nature of menstruation and intermenstrual discharge. Color and consistency indicate abnormalities in the genitals and possible malignant tumors.
Thus, spotting after menstruation may be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- lower abdominal pain,
- unpleasant odor of secretions,
- itching and burning
- pain during sexual intercourse,
In combination with secretions, this indicates the presence of pathologies. Also, the appearance of secretions with an admixture of blood may indicate a pregnancy. Abortion in the early stages (by taking medication) is also the cause of heavy bleeding, as during menstruation.
The most common problems in urology are associated with difficulty urinating, which are accompanied by pain in the back and genitals. In this regard, a person can then develop impotence, infertility, sometimes neglected diseases lead to death.
|BPH||Urinary incontinence, difficulty urinating, incomplete emptying, sexual dysfunction.|
|Kidney angiolipoma||Drawing lower back pain, anemia, pallor, hematuria.|
|Balanoposthitis||Itching, cracks, pain at the lesion site, swelling, light discharge.|
|Berger's disease||Reddish urine, lower back pain, high blood pressure.|
|Urethral mucosal prolapse||Foreign body sensation in the urethra, pain and burning, tight formation in the area of the opening (painful).|
|Kidney abscess||Temperature, chills, back pain, nausea, powerlessness, frequent urges, accompanied by pain.|
Urological diseases are dangerous in that they can occur without visible symptoms, and appear even at a late stage, when the chances of recovery are minimal.
Proctological diseases may not manifest themselves in the initial stages. Visible symptoms are detected after the onset. The most common signs of bowel damage are pain in the abdomen and back, discomfort in the anus, discharge, bloating, diarrhea, or constipation.
|Crohn's disease||Abdominal cramps, narrowing of the colon, persistent pain|
|Paropractitis||Severe pain in the anus|
|Rectal oncology||Purulent discharge from the anus|
|Hemorrhoids||Bleeding, burning and itching in the anus, discomfort while sitting.|
A proctologist can diagnose many of the bowel diseases through routine examinations. In special cases, analysis and a more thorough diagnosis will be required.
Diseases of the lower and upper extremities
Definition of the disease by symptoms associated with limbs is not always possible, however, some of the diseases are dangerous for humans, as they are associated with blood vessels. Without proper treatment, the limb may be amputated.
|Atherosclerosis||Numbness, prolonged pain in the calves, leg fatigue, poor performance, darkening of the skin of the fingers, gangrene, deterioration of the brain.|
|Endarteritis||Fatigue of limbs, lameness, cramps, pallor, pain during movement, swelling, dry skin.|
|Varicose veins||Swelling of the legs, heaviness, enlarged blood vessels, aching in nature, itching and dryness, fatigue.|
|Phlebitis||Vein enlargement, redness of the skin at the site of the lesion, headache, pain while walking, fever, slow swelling.|
|Thrombophlebitis||Chills, headache, palpitations, pain in palpation and coughing, weak pulse in a sore leg, swollen lymph nodes.|
|Thrombosis||Edema, glossy skin tone, temperature, bluish skin tone, vein net.|
During treatment, surgery may be performed. After the main treatment, health is supported by physical therapy and apparatus therapy.
The resulting discomfort after exercise or simple movements can be a symptom of joint disease. Do not neglect them, since ignoring the signs entails a complication and loss of physical activity.
|Tumors||Joint pain, weight loss, weakness|
|Injuries||Swelling, edema, pain at the site of injury, hemorrhages are possible|
|Joint inflammation||Joint pain and swelling|
|Dystrophic diseases||"Deposition of salts", limited movement, joint pain|
Diseases of the joints can lead to destruction of the cartilage, as a result of which motor functions are lost. If symptoms occur, consult a physician for an initial examination.
Circulatory system diseases
Blood vessels suffer for many reasons. Of these: heart disease, diabetes, infectious diseases, malnutrition and even wearing uncomfortable clothes.
|Vessels of the limbs||Severity when walking, the appearance of a network of vessels, swelling|
|Vessels of the neck and head||Headache, nausea, fainting, impaired brain function, tinnitus, insomnia|
|Heart||Pain in the heart, choking, changes in pressure and pulse, possibly turning blue on the skin of the hands, lips, pallor|
Damage to the vessels of the head and neck is especially dangerous, as this can cause a stroke. People with such ailments are particularly vulnerable in hot weather. They should be in a cool room, drink plenty of water, do not wear tight and tight clothes.
Nervous system diseases
Identifying the disease by symptoms helps to detect diseases of the nervous system at an early stage. Any deviation in the normal functioning of the nervous system affects the functioning of the whole organism.
|Alzheimer's disease||Deterioration of memory, speech, perception, motor skills of hands, problems with oral speech, self-care, weight loss.|
|Epilepsy||Irritability, hostility to society, loss in what is happening, sleepwalking, emerging feelings of fear, aggression.|
|Neuralgia||Lacrimation, itching, cramp, muscle pain is possible.|
|Sciatic nerve damage||Postural curvature, weak muscular system, musculoskeletal system lesions.|
|Encephalomyelitis||Paralysis, changes in the skin, loss of sensation, muscle relaxation, inconsistent movements.|
|Cerebral palsy||Muscle relaxation, speech retardation, epilepsy, cramps, hearing and vision problems, gait modification.|
|Migraine||Throbbing headache, nausea, vomiting, negative reaction to light and noise, increased pain during movement.|
Diseases of the nervous system can be caused by environmental factors, stress, metabolic disorders, age and other reasons. Often there are congenital diseases of the nervous system, in which a person will be supported by lifelong therapy.
Urinary system diseases
The urinary system is able to regulate water balance, pressure, and remove toxins and metabolic products from a person. Diseases of this system lead to impaired functions, which can cause intoxication, infertility, and some other diseases that progress without treatment and cause irreparable harm.
|Urethritis||Pain during urination, excretion with urine|
|Cystitis||Incontinence, lower abdominal pain, difficulty urinating|
|Pyelonephritis||Pain in the lower back and sides, spread of infection in the urinary tract|
|Stones in the kidneys||Acute pain in the lower back and during urination, urine with impurities|
Urethritis, cystitis and pyelonephritis can also develop in children. Pyelonephritis is particularly difficult, and usually begins due to past infections of the intestines or SARS. The reason may be a sharp change in diet.
What can mean swelling of different parts of the body
Edema occurs due to disorders of the urinary system, hormonal disruptions, cardiovascular diseases, overweight, insufficient or, conversely, too much water intake. When you click on the site of the edema, a cavity may remain that does not disappear for a long time, which indicates true edema.
The formation of edema can indicate the development of certain diseases:
- swelling of the face indicates kidney disease,
- as a result of heart disease, swelling of the legs, abdomen, veins on the neck swell,
- due to liver problems, the abdomen swells, a yellow tint appears,
- vein diseases are characterized by leg edema, which grows in the evening,
- swelling in the joints indicates arthritis,
- swelling of the face and limbs, pallor can mean malnutrition,
- edema appears with injuries and sprains, in places of bruises,
- with allergies, swelling of the neck, eyes, face.
Pregnant women also often suffer from edema, which occurs due to impaired functioning of blood vessels and lymph nodes.
A more accurate definition of diseases according to the symptoms that have arisen is determined by the doctor. However, an initial home examination makes it clear whether you should worry about going to the hospital or not.
Article design: Mila Friedan